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Full text of "Chicopee illustrated 1896"

UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS 
AT AMHERST 




UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 

Special Collections & Rare Books 





ILLUSTRATED 

1896 



TRANSCRIPT PUBLISHING COMPANY, 

PRINTERS, 

HOLYOKE, MASS. 




J. STEVENS ARMS AND TOOL COMPANY, CHICOPtE FALLS. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Ames, James T., .... 

Ames, Nathan P., . 

Ames Manufacturinc Co., 1828, 

Ames Residence 

Eaii.ey, Henry A. (Residence of). 
Belcher & Taylor Co.'s Works, . 

Bellamy, Edward 

Blaisdell, Mrs. Samuel (Residence of), 

BoYNTON, David, 

Carter, Judge, Place, 

Carter, T. W., Place, 

Casino Auditorium, . 

Casino, Ver.\nus, 

Chapin Homestead, . 

Ch.apin Inn, 

Chapin, "Uncle" Aitstin, 

Chase, John (Residence of), . 

Chicopee (Along The), . 

Chicopee Cemetery, maple Grove, 

Chicopee Centre, Front Street, . 

Chicopee City Hali 



66 Chicopee City H.\ll M.\ix Entrance, 

64 Chicopee Falls, Main vStreet, 

65 Chicopee, Front Street, 
113 Chicopee Meadows, 

57 Chicopee River and Bridge, . 

128 Chicopee River, Looking South, 

109 Chicopee Street and Farm House, 

59 Chi'rch, Baptist, Centre, 
112 Church, B.\pti.st, Chicopee F.^lls, 

41 Church, Beul.ah, Willim.\nsett, 

45 Church, Episcopal, . 

51 Church, First Congreg.\tional, 

50 Church, French Catholic, . 

60 Church, Holy N.amp: of Jesus, 

18 Church, M. f;., Centre;, . 

19 Church, M. E., Chicopee Falls, 

67 Church, Old Presbyterian, . 
90 Church, Old Unit.ari.^n, 

115 Church, Third Congregational, 

25 Club, Boys, .... 

84 Cumnock Residence, 



86 
43 
25 
13 
16 
108 
89 

39 
3S 
79 
32 
20 

40 
40 
31 
31 
17 
30 
29 

.119-120 
117 



"DEESTRICT SCHOOl.MARM," 

Fire Department (Members of), 

Front Street (Group on), 

Front Street, Looking to Blaisdell's 

Gavi.ord, Emerson 

Havens, J. C 

Hoi.i.ow, Johnnv-Cake, Old Hovse, 
Hoi.i.ow, Johnnv-Cake, Sinrise, . 
Home (A "Skip" ) . . . . 

Home, Pendleton 

House, The Judge Wells, 
Inshaw, Richard B., 
Inshaw, Richard B. ( Residence of), 
"Knuckle Down," .... 
Lamb Mfg. Co.'s Works, 
LooKiNc; Up Hill at Depot, . 

JLain Street, 

Munger, Hiram. .... 
Neallv, Mrs. JLargaret ( Residence 

Overm.vn, a. H 

OvERM.\N Wheel Co. (Works of), 
P.\GE, T. C. (Residence of), . 
PvNCHON, William, .... 
Robinson, ex-Gov. George D., 
Robinson, ex-Gov. George D. ( Reside 
Rollins, Secret.arv, ... 



Cornf;r 



of), 



P.\G E . 

71 



88 

104 
92 

II 
II 
93 
74 
37 
62 

63 
33 
131 
54 
72 

52 

48 
124 
122 

47 
9 

98 

99 
118 



School, .\lvorii 

School, ("tRape Street, ... 
School House, First, Willimansett, 

School, Old High 

Smith, Ou-ARTus JUDD, ... 
Sp.aulding & Pepper Co.'s Works, 
Springfield and Fairview Avenue, 

Ste.\rns, George; M 

Ste-\rns, Georgic M. ( Residence of), 
Stebbins, Kra.stus, Place, 
Stevens, J., -\kms and Tool Co., . 

STR.\ri'ON, J. B., 

Stratton. J. B. (Residence of), . 

Snow, Dexter 

Snow, Dexter, Place, 

Tavlor, George: S., . 

Taylor, George S. (Residence of), 

TOWNE, O. C 

Triumph of Immortality Over Death 
TuTTLE, F. E. (Residence of), 
Village, North of River, 
Whittemore Place, 

Willimansett 

Willimansett JLain Stref;t, . 
Willimansett Station, . 
WooDWiirth, a. C . 



PAGE. 

26 

24 
71 

22 

83 
134 

55 

lOI 

46 

53 

Frontispiece 
105 

70 
106 
107 

96 

35 
81 

125 
no 

87 
49 
69 

72 

73 

103 



The publisher feels indebted to Chicopee residents who have assisted in furnishing data for this sketch of 

the city. The historical papers are especially appreciated. Mr. John White, city clerk, has been most courteous in 

giving information, and the support of the manufacturers of Chicopee Falls has made the production of this fully 

illustrated book possible. Though millions of dollars are represented in the manufacturing interests of Chicopee 

Centre, none of the officials had any interest in assisting in the publication of a book showing the influence of the 

city in the past and present development of industrial or artistic labor. The absence of any "Centre" manufacturers, 

therefore, is not that they were overlooked. The fine photos furnished are by W. J. Wood, of Exchange street, 

Chicopee Centre. The engraving is by the Boston Engraving and Mclndoe Printing Company, and Springfield 

Photo Engraving. 

L. L. JOHNSON. 



OLD CHICOPEE. 

fHICKKUPPY" RIVER, known and loved by the Indians, found favor with the first white settlers, also, and on 
the banks of this stream was started the permanent settlement in what was then a part of Springfield. 
William Pynchon may be called the father of the town as a whole, for in 1636 he removed from Roxbury, and from 
that time left his impress on the growth and life of the young settlement, 
(leographically, the present city of Chicopee occupies the north- 
western portion of Hampden County lying west of the Connecticut 
river, and is separated from West Springfield by the same" Long river." 
Hadley and Granby are on the north, Ludlow on the east, Springfield 
on the south. The Chicopee river enters at the southeast angle, flows 
westerly through the city and enters the Connecticut river at the south- 
east angle. The fall of this river is 70 feet, furnishing at Chicopee Falls 
and at the Centre vast water power, used for manufacturing purposes. 
The mills at Chicopee appropriate 36 feet of the entire fall, and at the 
Falls 27 feet. The remainder of the 70 feet is above the village. The 
soil is chiefly a sandy loam, suitable for fruit growing. There is to day 
a background of New England customs and ideas which force the re- 
tention of a part of the city as a strictly Yankee possession, where the 
thoughts of the fathers have taken such firm hold that the influ.x of for- 
eign elements has been powerless to dislodge them. A walk through 
the lower streets of the old town forces the idea upon a casual visitor 
that it is modern in all its details and entirely given up to manufacturing 
enterprise. Go up some of the hills, or take the "Springfield road," and 
every trace of crudeness is effaced. These houses were built to stay, 
and they have carried out the intention of their builders. Honest they are from roof to cellar. Good reliable tim- 
ber forms the frame work of some which have stood the storms of a century at least, and others bear the marks of 




WILLIAM PYNCHON, 



much longer service. The oldest of the old is the house in "Johnny Cake Hollow," which has been in the Snow 
family for many years. Sturdy wooden hinges are used for the doors. Nothing frivolous or unstable was put into 
this antiquely respectable construction. The wavy lines of the roof mean not weakness, but forced submission, a 
graceful yielding to the inevitable march of years, not to say centuries. Deeds which have been in the possession of 
the occupants show dates of two hundred years ago, and these do not reach back to its very early history ; it had a 
youthful day before that. It seems fitting that such an historical dwelling should lead a quiet, retired existence, and 
so it does. It is located in one of the easily missed, but beautiful places of picturesque Chicopee, or, more exactly 
speaking, in the tenth or eleventh ward of that city. ISecause you have been lucky and have found " Johnny Cake 
Hollow" once, it is no sign that vou will ever be able to repeat the agreeable experience. It is like an oasis dropped 
down in the midst of that barren tract known locally as " the plains," the distinctive features of which are common to 
all parts of this unsettled territory, one place resembling another to the perfection of duplication. If Mr. Snow is not 
on .some of his out-lying acres he will show you over the house, where all is as sedate and proper as it should be in a 
building so historically beyond reproach. Mr. Snow lives alone and apparently enjoys it. After showing the house, 
with an air of humble apology he takes you to the shed. This, he feels, has no right to be there, for it is not more 
than a hundred years old and was built as a concession to modern demands, rather than an improvement to the 
original house. Within this shelter stands a large barrel of corn meal, and this suggests the wish to know why this 
charming place should have been given so prosaic a name. The host laughs and tells you it was because " Johnny 
Cake " was a staple article of diet, and also because corn in its various forms was the food best suited to the purses of 
the first inhabitants. Even now popping corn, the best, is part of the crop from which Mr. Snow realizes a neat sum 
yearly. The " Hollow " is a delightful surprise. It comes when one is tired of the monotony of level ground, and in 
comparison is like a piece of paradise with its clear flowing stream and pleasant fields. " .Sweet fields beyond the 
swelling flood stand dressed in living green," quotes the poet as he ascends the next hill. 

This old house might have been standing when Deacon Samuel Chapin bought and gave to two of his boys, 
Joseph and Henry, a large tract of land in what is now Chicopee, in the year 1646, and let the youngsters go to 
work clearing up what was then an unbroken wilderness. In the good Deacon's family were four sons and three 
daughters, and this was increased when the sons married and brought home wives. Henry, the eldest, married 
Bethia Cooley, daughter of ISenjamin and Sarah Cooley, of f.ongmeadow, and their marriage festivities were cele- 
brated Dec. 5, 1664. 



Previous to his marriage Henry Chapin had entered into this contract with John Pynchon, of Springfield : 

" March 9, 1659, sold to Henry Chapin 200 acres of land on ye Chickkuppy river, to run fro ye hills on ye 
east side to the Great river on ye west, and on the south it is to be bounded by and to join the Chickkuppy river : only 
one twenty-five acres, or thirty, being by Chickkuppy river, about the place which shall be judged best for a ware- 
house, is to be taken out and excepted out of the parcel ; yet so as to be 200 acres is to be made up there together. 
Also, Henry is to have half of ye upper Island, which is to be as equally divided as can be ; and, also, he is to have 
five acres of its mowable meadow at the lower end of the Mux meadow. 

" For all which he is to pay and allow me the sum of 20 pounds, in wheat at current prices, at four several 
payments, viz. : five pounds by the first of March, 1661, and another five pounds in 1662, and the last five pounds ye 
first of March, 1663 — all payments to be in wheat, at prices current at the several times of payment. This is the 
joint agreement betwixt us this 9th day of March, 1659, as witness our hands. Henrv (jh.apix, 

John Pynchon. 

" Atemorandiivi — I ])romised Henry that if I did part with the 25 acres, or 30 acres, or with the Islands, he 
should have the offer of them." 

This same Henry was present at the great battle with the Indians at Turner's Falls in May, 1676, and this 
memorandum of the event was in an old account book : 

" I went out Voluntere against ingens the 17 of May, 1676, and we ingaged battle the 19th of May, in the 
morning before sunrise, and made great spoil upon the enemy, and came off the same day with the Los of 37 men and 
the Captain Turner, and came home the 20th of May." 

Thomas Chapin, son of Japhet, was one of the original grantees of the large tract of land allotted in 1736 to 
the officers and soldiers concerned in this battle and to their descendants. This tract is now the town of Bernardston. 

Though Henry Chapin purchased land on the north side of the Chicopee river, he built his house on the south 
side, on the north side of what is now Ferry street, at its junction with West street, in the village of Chicopee, near 
the large elm. This house was burned in 1762. The house formerly owned and occupied by William Chapin, one 
of Henry's descendants, was on nearly the same ground. He was a prominent man connected with town alfairs, and 
representative to the General Court in 1689. 

12 




CHICOPEE MEADOVVo. 



An old story has it that he was impressed into the liritish service on board a man-of-war, and there remained 
seven years, during this time engaging with the 1 Jutch in naval combat. 

He afterward commanded a merchantman, and made several voyages between Boston and London, and finally 
settled in the former city. From there he went to Springfield in 1659, or near that time, and then purchased land in 
Chicopee. 

Following these two main lines of the Chapin family we find that Henry died .Uigust 15, 1718, Bethia his 
wife on December 11, 1711. Their children were Henry, born June i, 1666, died April 29, 1667; Sarah, born 

March 3, 1670, died November 6, 173:;, never married: Bethia, born February 19, 1672, died ; Henry, 

born March 9, 1679, died September 15, 1754 ; and Benjamin, born February 2, i6S2,died March 27, 1756. Japhet 
was born in 1642, the same year his parents removed to Springfield. July 22, 1664, he married Abilenah, daughter 
of Samuel Conley, of Milford. She died November 17, 1710, and was buried in the old burying ground at Spring- 
field, where a stone marks her grave. He afterwards married Dorothy Root of Enfield, Conn., who survived him. 
He died February 20, 1712, and was buried beside his first wife. March 9, 1666, Deacon Samuel Chapin purchased 
of lohn Pynchon a tract of land which included most of the river flats lying between the '' Chickuppee " river and 
" Willimansick " brooks ; and April 16, 1693, his father conveyed to Henry a large part of the land so purchased. He 
probably removed from Milford as early as 1666, and joined his brother in the wilderness. He built a house at what 
is the end of Chicopee street, a little north and west of the house owned by Joel Baker, where is had a charming \iew 
of the great river and hills beyond. 

Japhet had nine children, the eight sons of Japhet and Henry each had large families aggregating eighty- 
seven grandchildren, and the eight men died at an average of eighty years. The times in which the Chapins settled 
in the wilderness tried men's souls and only the sturdy material of which the pioneers were made, animated by brave 
hearts, could have withstood the trying days and nights of fear. At the time Japhet and Henry settled here, the 
Indians had become hostile and were a constant source of alarm. The white men continually carried arms, even 
when they attended divine service in the "meeting house." To reach this building there was no royal road, but a 
track through the wilderness where streams which had to be forded were frequent incidents, for the nearest church 
was si.x miles distant. The massacre at Deerfield in 1704 was the culminating point, the natural outcome of the 
hostile feeling indulged by the Indians, until, no longer capable of the semblance of control, it burst into fearful 
atrocities at Deerfield. It is related of Hannah, second daughter of Japhet Chapin, and who married John Sheldon 

14 



in December, 1703, that on the night of that memorable attack at Deeriield, she jumped from a window for safety, 
but having sprained an ankle was captured and with eleven other captives, among them John Williams and family, 
she was taken to Canada and after two years redeemed. 

An illustration of the fervent religious spirit of this time is found in a letter written by Josiah to Japhet Chapin 
at the time of Hannah's capture : 

" Mendon, April 8, 1 704. 

" Deare Brother : — I cannot with my pen express the concernedness of sperit that is in me for you and my 
dere cusen that is led captive by the barbarous heathen. God is by such dispensation trying the faith and patience 
of His children ; it is therefore my dayly request that God will support her in body and sperit, and her bodely 
captivity may prove to her speretual enlargement, and that God will please give you comfort in hope, knowing that 
God is able to find out a way for escape, tho no way appears to us." The letter closes with assurances of love and 
sympathy, but not a word of complaint at the dealings of Providence. 

The first cultivation of the land was begun in 1645, o" '^^ south side of the river, and in 1750, the first parish of 
Springfield being about to build a new meeting house, the peo]jle in the north side of the town on both sides of the 
Connecticut river were incorporated into a separate parish, called Fifth Parish or Chicopee. The general boundary 
on the east side of the Connecticut river was the Chicopee river. 

The settlement of " Skipmuck," about a mile east of Chicopee Falls, began first in 1660 and for the most part 
was on the south side of Chicopee river. The most prominent settlers in this part of the town wtre Stephen Horton, 
Gad Horton, Phineas Steadman, Ariel Cooley, Dudley Wade and a few others, whose names are not recorded. They 
were often annoyed by the Indians and were frequently driven to the old fort at Springfield for refuge. Several 
inhabitants were at one time captured but no trace of them could be found. It was a favorite pastime of the red 
men to ambush on " Sand Hill " and pick off the white settlers as they appeared on the opposite bank. Ariel Cooley, 
a man of considerable worth and notable characteristics, settled first on the north side of the river. He was a con- 
tractor on the Fairmount water works, Philadelphia, and the original proprietor of the lock and canals at South 
Hadley Falls. Caleb Wright is said to have built a house upon the upper terrace at Skipmuck in or near the year 
1704. A story told of the time says that the Indians surrounded the place one night, took Mrs. Wright prisoner and 
scalped or partly scalped a child lying in the cradle. Moreover, that this child, Hannah, recovered and lived to a 
good old age. Mr. Wright then moved to Chicopee street, where the Chapins had settled, and put up a cabin first 

15 



south of the old cemeter)-. In Dr. Holland's version of the Wright difficulties of 1708 he says that Indians attacked 

the house of Lieutenant Wright at Skipmuck, killed "old Mr. Wright," took Henry Wright's wife captive and 

probablv killeil her In 1665 Rowland Thomas and Nathaniel l-',lv laid out a highway at what is now the centre of 

_ _ ^ Chicopee, they having owned land on the 

south side of the river as early as 1664, as 
shown by documents in the possession of 
the \'an Horn family. The ford was at that 
part of the river where the I) wight mills and 
grist mill of Edward Wood afterward stood, 
liorn Van Horn setttled in Springfield 
as early as 1713, probably some time before. 
Because of a highway dividing his land, the 
same having been opened since his acquire- 
ment of the property, the " Proprietors of 
ye Inward Commons," granted him, " March 
22, 1713-14" another such piece in e.\- 
change as " would for conveniency bring his 
land together." They subse(|uently granted 
him, " [anuary 22, .\no l)om., 171S-19, one 
or two acres of land lying between Thomas 
Tery's Home Lot and the Hill for a home 
lot." On the back of this instrument is 
written this curious prescription : " dive a 
portian of the Reeti Root every morning 
for 3 mornings going ; every night going to 
bed give him 2 or 3 spoonfuls of black water according as he can bear ; on or about 11 or 12 o'clock, in the day, 
give him a portian of Tumeric, about as much as will ly one a Shilling at a Time, and wash it down with a Decoction 
of agrimony, Elder-blooming, or Hysop." How many li\es were preserved by using this formula is not recorded. 

16 




RIDGE ACROSS CHICOPEE RIVER. 



The family of Born Van Horn probably settled at what is now designated as Chicopee Falls as early as i 739-40. 
Summer \'an Horn has carefully preserved an original document, 4x8 inches, which reads thus : 

"Springfield, March 17th, 1742-3. 
"Of the Proprietors Pursuent to a Grant of the common land in Springfield, IVIarch iSth, 1739-40, laid out to 
Born Van Horn, of Springfield, 27 acres & 1-2 of Land in the East Precinct in said town, equil in value to 8 acres of 
the land at (loose Pond, as mentioned in said Grant, 
Lying in two Pieces; one contains 2 1-2 acres, & is 
bounded, as follows :" 

'Phe document then gives the boundary lines, 
and is signed by the committee— Eben Hitchcock, 
Josiah Day and John Munn. 

Azariah Van Horn was a surveyor of highways 
in the town of Springfield in 1770. His district em- 
braced the territory south of Chicopee river, including 
the present sites of Chicopee and Chicopee Falls. 

Ariel Cooley, Sr., settled near Chicopee Falls 
before 1786. In this year he conveyed lands to 
Byers and Smith. He owned large tracts within the 
town, and had numerous descendants. " Cooley 
Brook" derives its name from this family, but few 
descendants bearing the name of Cooley live in this 
vicinity. 'Phe first dwelling of which any account 
remains was that erected by Henry Chapin, and the tavern left no positive evidence of its origin. The inn described 
as standing at the north end of Chicopee street and that occupied by Japhet Chapin on Springfield street were both 
of uncertain origin. It is safe to divide honors between them. 

Many and very pleasant are the reminiscences of the Chapin Inn, for many remember "Uncle Austin" and 
his kindly hospitality, and who finally took in his sign when the typhus fever raged in the village. There were several 




OLD PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 



17 







! 







■jIm 



ry 




II I 






X^fV 







HII 



?T?Tfir»-*" -" 




THE CHAPIN INN, "TODDY ROAD' 
l8 



hungry 



members of the Chapin family ill when Captain Moore came up the street with his men fresh from rafting and 

as pirates, and fairly longing for the hospitable welcome which 

was a part of " Uncle Austin's " mission as innkeeper. From 

the open door came a voice, for the first time, discouraging 

the wanderers. They were not to enjoy the old inn's comforts 

that night. " If you knew how sick my family were, you 

would not ask it. Captain Moore," said Mr. Chapin. " We 

cannot entertain you to-day, nor to-morrow, unless there is 

a change for the better." In vain the men urged that they 

would be satisfied with bread and milk. They finally left, 

and returned next morning to find the house closed, the sign 

taken down, and " Uncle Austin's " days of tavern keeping 

were over. After the death of one of the daughters Mr. 

Chapin had no heart in his work, and during the last years 

of his life was unable to keep open house. The picture 

presented was taken when he was in failing health, but is 

considered a very faithful portrait. The hotel was burned 

in 1S72, when unoccuijied, the fire i)robably originating in 

one of the sheds. 

All through the history of Chicopee are found friendly 
allusions to the old hotel and the good times enjoyed there. 
It is recollected that great feasts were served on July 4th, and 
so fervent was the celebration one year that the glass was 
broken and shaken from the window frames by the force of 
the cannon salutes fired in honor of the day. 

Japhet Chapin, born in 1750, married Lorena Wright, 
and their family was made up often children, Olive Whitfield, "uncle" Austin chapin. 

Japhet, Atlas, Pliny, Francis, Austin, Veranus, Sidney and Milton. Olive, the only daughter, died at the 




'9 



age of 2iS years. Whitfield was the father of eight children, among them the late Charles (). Chapin, a man much 
respected in Springfield, where he lived, and Elizabeth, beloved wife of the late J. (1. Holland. Japhet died early in 
life. Atlas Chapin had three children; one only survived, Mrs. Chandler, of Springfield, Mass. Pliny had six 
children, one only li\ing. Francis Chapin had several children, none living. Austin Chapin 2d was born in 1798, 
and died in 1S63. He was instrumental in building up that ])ortion of the town known as Cabotville. He held 
many important offices, viz. : School Commissioner, Selectman, Highway Surveyor, 'I'ax Collector, and at 37 years of 

age, when the village was part of Springfield, he was 
^ent as Representati\e to Boston. This was the year 
when Edward P^verett was (iovernor of Massachusetts. 
.Many cases were tried by the late Judge John Wells 
liefore Austin Chapin as Justice of the Peace, at the 
house where the latter made his home for nearly sixty 
years. He was the father of six children, three living : 
Margaret M. Nealley, residing on a part of the home- 
stead. Spruce street ; Henry M., li\ ing in ISoston, Mass., 
and Elizabeth M. Denison, of Springfield. 

Veranus Chapin lived on land opposite Austin, 
where now is a prosjierous settlement built up by Tukle 
and Humphrey. Dea. Sidney Chapin was the father 
of four children, one only li\ing at the old home in 
Chicopee street. Milton had three children. A son in 
Brooklyn, N. V., and Mrs. Ellen Flagg, in \\'ashington, 

FIRST CONGREGAT 0:;AL C'-_..:,!. |). C.,SUrvive. 

In connection with the schools of the town the following paper has been kindly furnished by Miss .\deline Iv 
Howard. It is fair to say that it was not written for this sketch of Chii.opee, but was read in the Third Congrega- 
tional chapel May 30, 1892, with others by the ladies of the church, some of which have been kindly furnished to the 
publisher of this book. 




OUR SCHOOLS, PAST AND PRESENT. 

We find early mention of schools in connection with Springfield. In 1654 " a tract of land on the west side 
of the Great river was appropriated by the town, either for the helping to maintain a school, or to bear any other 
town charges." This land was let out and the income expended for schooling. In 1677 William Madison was hired 
as a schoolmaster and was to receive three pence per week of those whom he taught to read and four pence of those 
whom he taught both to read and write, the parents and persons being to allow not more, but for his encouragement 
for that year he was to be allowed the rent of the town lands at Chicopee. 

The first schoolhouse ir. Springfield was built in 1679, and was 22 by 17 feet. In 1682 the selectmen agreed 
with (loodwife Merrick to teach children to read, she receiving three pence per week for each child. 

The defect in common school education for the first forty or fifty years was very apparent in the number of 
persons who could not write their names and the very large number of bad writers and sDellers,''Miles Morgan, whose 
statue adorns Court Square, not being able to write, but making his mark, which was an anchor. From the beginning 
of the present century the interest increased rapidly. 

The first school started in Chicopee was in a log house which stood where Mrs. Ames now lives, kept by a 
man named Shevoy, who was a minister and preached to the settlers on this side of the river. It was said that he was 
a good mathematician and gave out all the problems from memory, as there was no arithmetic in the school at that time. 

The first schoolhouse in town was built on South street, a little west of the brook. It had but one room with a 
large fireplace in one end that would hold wood enough to last a stove a week. The scholars cut all the wood and 
made the fires. About 1812 a new schoolhouse was built on South street at its junction with Springfield street, stand- 
ing nearly where the pumping station now stands, but facing south. The chimney was a monstrous affair, and many 
were the logs carried in by the boys. This house was used for many years. The teachers were paid from ^8 to Si 7 
per month. Coijies in writing were set and goose quill pens made by the teacher until the scholars had learned the 
art. Miss Elizabeth Southworth taught here with skill and ability soon after the mills were started, when the scattered 
settlers were formed into the village of Cabotville. Here the boys and girls sought knowledge. Here studied the 
Mosman brothers and Stewart Chase, Mary Chase and Margaret Chapin. The boys and girls, with one exception, 
went their several ways with only memories of their former teacher, but one, Mr. George Mosman, remained beside 
her to still enjoy her companionship. He has but recently left us to join that great company whom no man can num- 



her. The old buikiing has never lost its interest for me, as there I received my first and only public chastisement at 
the hands of a primary school teacher, which punishment, as has been the case with all children from time immemo- 
rial, I i/idn't deserve. This building was removed in 1861 or '62, and, having been renovated and reconstructed, is 
now occupied by Mr. Terrence Hogan on Centre street. 

A schoolhouse was erected at Skipmuck as early as 1S12. It was 20 x 30 feet, inclosed by rough clapboards, 
had two small windows and a huge fireplace. The seniors had wide boards for desks, placed against the sides of the 

room at a proper angle, and in front of these were 
three long seats with legs like a milking stool. Their 
horizon was more limited than that of the younger 
ones who occupied similar benches in the centre 
of the room. 'V\\e schoolhouse at Chicopee street 
was the largest in town, and stood a little south 
of the church near where Mrs. Palmer's house 
now stands. This building had two rooms. In 
1S25 a brick schoolhouse was erected where the 
present building now stands on Church street at 
the Falls. In 1845 it was replaced by the present 
one. There Clossen Pendleton and I )r. .Mvord taught. 
Mr. llildad P.. Belcher taught on the north side of the 
ri\ er. 

The best building in town for a long time was 
the one on Springfield street at the Falls, which 
was erected in 1875 and 1876. The building is now 
to be used for other than educational purposes, as the manufacture of bicycles in its immediate neighborhood so 
interferes with the progress of education and the harmony of ideas, that the teachers wish either that they had 
never been born, or that the bicycle had never been invented. In 1834, the brick schoolhouse on School street 
was built at a cost of $-2,000. It served as a place for both secular and religious instruction, being used on Sunday 
as a place of worship. Many of us had a familiar acquaintance with the old building, having trod those halls of 




OLD HIGH SCHOOL. 



learning in childhood's days. It served its day and generation well, and like the schoolhouse of our Quaker poet's 
childhood, displayed within : 

** The warping floor : the battered seats : 
The jack-knife's carved initial; 
With many frescos on the walls; 
Its door's worn sill betraying, 
The feet that creeping slow to school 
Went storming out to playing." 

This building was torn down in '75, and the present one erected. The old high school building on Grape 
street was built in 1S42. Mr. N. P. Ames gave the bell (tradition says "a fine-toned bell "), and Mr. John Chase 
gave a thousand dollars toward the cost of the building. 'Hie basement was fitted up as a primary school and in 
that subterranean spot Miss Mary Ann Fitz was said to teach the " Model School." 'J'he upper floors have been 
somewhat modified in recent years, and all the rooms are now large and pleasant. Other schoolhouses than those 
mentioned were erected as necessity demanded, the last being the new high school building, of which the city is 
justly proud. Years ago a school was kept in Mechanics' Hall, which was the upper story of an old building which 
stood where H. S. Martin's furniture rooms now stand. There the sister of one of our ladies was sent at the tender 
age of three years because she plagued the baby at home. A very select school was kept in the vestry of the old 
Congregational church, by Mr. Granger, who walked with a crutch. This crutch was heard from if the children were 
unruly, and now the thought of the old teacher always brings with it the thought of the old crutch. 

While seeking to gain a practical knowledge of the three R's in the day schools, music was not neglected by 
those who had an opportunity to cultivate their voices, Mr. Reed, a music teacher, being quite an institution in town. 
He held singing schools in the Congregational vestry, which was filled with eager learners of the divine art As Mr 
Reed led the choir, and filled it from the ranks of his school, if one did well he had some hope of being advanced to 
a position in the choir. 

The modes of punishment in the early days were unique, a remedy applied for the prevention of whispering 
being a short wedge inserted between the upper and lower teeth, thus keeping the mouth open. For restlessness a 
book was placed on the head. The child was expected to remain motionless, so that the book might not fall. In 
my mother's school days a child was sometimes obliged to stoop over and hold his finger on a crack in the floor for a 
specified time. A more severe form of the same punishment was to require the pupil to stand on o?ie foot only and 
hold down a nail in the floor, and if the teacher felt so disposed he would step to the rear of the child and lay on the 

23 



ruler with no gentle hand. Sometimes the pupil must hold several heavy books on the palm of his hand, extended at 
arm's length. Gradually the arm would relax and droop lower, when the teacher would give a whack on the elbow 
with her ruler. A favorite and effective punishment for bad boys and girls was to blindfold them, tie their hands 

behind them, and stand them in the 
corner. The nose was sometimes 
clasped in a cleft stick. 

The first school committee's re- 
port was in '49. The next year the 
committee says that "the houses are 
all in good repair, except one small 
primarv schoolhouse which is wooden 
and bare enough. I'^ggs might be 
cooked on the sunny side of it in the 
summer, and some attention is needed 
before another summer else the child- 
ren may be cooked." They say some 
of our schools " are truly ragged 
schools and as dirty as ragged," and 
add the remark that " those who 
come to our shores are heartily wel- 
come to a share of our privileges, 
but we do wish they would take with 
the rest a share of our soap and 
water." The old district system was 
abolished in 1S69. In 1879 our 
town voted to jjlace our schools under the supervision of a school superintendent, which has been of great advantage 
to them. 

Formerly children entered the grammar school at a very early age, one lady who is with us tonight having 




STREET SCHOOL. 




iFRONT STREET, CHICOPEE CENTRE. 

-5 



entered at the tender age of six years and two months. The pupils remained in the grammar school for a longer or 
shorter time, and were e\entually asked how many of them would like to go to the high scliool. The desire for 
promotion seemed general, and a solid vote was usually obtained in favor of advancement. The late Dr. P. Le 1!. 
Stickney, of Springfield, did a most excellent work in connection with our high and grammar schools in grading 
and classifying. In these schools many of us passed hapjiy years, and tender memories of the old high school 

building will dwell with us as long as life shall last. 
' : ' .Many are there of the excellent and honorable whose 

names may be found here enrolled either as teacher 
or puiiils. The name that comes first to our lips 
is that of tlie man whose state has been honored 
by his acceptance of the gubernatorial chair, whose 
])ublic and private life is without reproach, who, al- 
ways and everywhere, has the love and respect of 
those who had the good fortune to be his pupils in 
the Chicopee High School— Ex-('iO\-. George 1). 
Robinson. 

Some of the pupils went their way out into the 
world to make for themsehes a career, while others 
have remained among us to live their lives, and do 
their ser\ ice near the home of their youth. One of 
our long-ago pupils, Zenas Moody, has been the Gov- 
ernor of Oregon. Another, William Walker, was for 
years on the staff of a Chicago newspaper. A third, 
Hon. Thomas B. Stockwell, has for years been prominent in educational circles in Rhode Island. Others, lawyers, 
doctors, ministers, and artists, have done faithful work in administering justice, in saving bodies and souls, in culti- 
vating the beautiful, and thus placing before us high ideals of art and character, while many have joined 

" The choir invisible 

Of those inimortal dead w ho live again 
In minds made better by their presence." 

26 




NEW HIGH SCHOOL. 




GROUP ON FRONT STREET. 
27 



CHURCHES. 

On the same day and at the same place was read this very pleasantly written paper on the early churches by 
Mrs. Mary F. Smith, who has allowed it to be used in this connection : 

In May, 1636, we find the following agreement, which was signed by eight of the twelve settlers who first came : 

" \\ e intend, by God's grace, as soon as we can, with all convenient speed, to procure some Godly and faithful 
minister, with whom we purpose to join in Church covenant to walk in all the ways of Christ," and in 1645 the first 
meeting house was built. In 1749 Chicopee had nearly 40 voters, and entered a petition for a separate minister in 
January. The petition was dismissed. In the autumn the Chicopee people asked again. The answer was that the 
people were more than compensated for the extra fatigue of the Sabbath by being so far from the center. The ride 
on horseback for a half day was equal to some more than a half day's labor. But on the whole they lived with less 
fatigue than those in the center, who were obliged to build and maintain three large vessels to transport the jiroduce 
of their lands to the store, besides managing their business through the week. lUit Chicopee ])ersisted, and a church 
was organized at the north end. The Rev. John W. McKinstry was the first pastor, who began his first term of 
service in September, 1752. The meeting house was completed in November, 1753, and when the committee was 
appointed for the delicate task " of seating the meeting house," they were granted permission to seat men and women 
together. The seating was regulated according to the tax list. One of our oldest townsmen says the first tax he ever 
paid was a church tax of 16 cents. After this church was built nearly all the residents in what is now Chicopee 
attended the service there, instead of in Springfield, as they had done before. The Methodist Church at the Fails 
was organized about 1825, and the Baptist Church at that place in 1828. The Second Congregational Church at the 
Falls was formed in 1830. The Third Congregational Church was the first church constituted in Cabotville. The 
society was organized in March, 1835, with 18 members. They held services in the schoolhouse on South street, 
and afterward in Chapin's Hall. Their first church edifice was dedicated in 1837. The first pastor was Sumner 
G. Clapp. 

TheUniversalist Society was constituted in l'"ebruary, 1S35, and the church organized with 39 members. They 
held services in the schoolhouse on School street. It is said that the Universalists used it three Sundays in the month 
and the other societies the rest. Their church edifice was dedicated in 1836 and was the first one in Cabotville. The 
first pastor was Charles Spear. The society was weakened by the withdrawal of the Unitarians in 1S41. Many of its 

28 




THIRD CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 
29 



strongest supporters moved away and death took many more. It ceased to exist several years ago. The building is 
now used by the Presbyterian Society. The Central Baptist Church was organized in July, 1835, with 21 members, 
very soon after the Universalist. They were publicly recognized as a Baptist church by a council in August, 1835. 
Their first services were held in the house on Front street occupied by Mr. Wheeler, afterward on Spring street, and 

after this in Chapin's Hall. Their first church was 
dedicated in 1S39. Their first pastor was 1 )r. War- 
ren. The Methodist Church was organized in 1838 
with 18 members. They also held services in Chap- 
in's Hall. Their first church building was erected 
in 1839 on Perkins street. Their first pastor was Ed- 
mund S. Potter. It is now owned by the St. Joseph 
Temjjerance Society, and their church edifice is on 
Center street. The Unitarian Society was formed 
and legally organized in March, 1841. The church 
was constituted with 16 members. Their first ser- 
vices were held in Chapin's Hall. The church edi- 
fice was built in 1842. The first regular pastor was 
lohn A. Buckingham. The Episcopal Church was 
organized in April, 1S46, with 18 members. Their 
first services were hekl in Chapin's Hall and after- 
ward in Ferry's Hall. The church building was 
completed in 1848 and partially burned in 1872. It has been repaired recently and services resumed. The 
Second Adventists have for a long time existed in the city. Some of their first gatherings were held in a public house 
in Cabotville and in a private hou-e at Chicopee Falls. A society was formed in 1870 in Chicopee Falls and a 
chapel built in that village. 

The Catholics commenced holding services in a house between the canal and river, which has since been 
washed away. Afterward their service was held in a room in the Ames Company shop. The church was gathered 
and an altar erected in a house on Pleasant street, in 1838, and their first church was erected in 1840 on the same 




THE OLD UNITARIAN CHURCH. 



30 





31 



street. 'I'heir present church edifice was dedicated in 1S57. The first ^pastor was John lirady. We see that in 
thirteen years, between 1S35 and 1848, there were seven churches buih in the village of Cabotville. Every 
denomination at some period in its early existence had held services in Cha])in's Hall, but never together. The first 
Episcopalians that came here were called very good people, but Episcopalians The I'niversalists and Lhiitarians 
took the lead in many a good work and ranked high in their trades and as citizens, but they were Universalists and 
Unitarians. It is said that one minister |)rayed that the Universalist Church might be carried by a high wind, shingle 

by shingle, into yonder ri\er. The Methodists were \ery strict about 
their dress. One ])rominent man brought his bride here without a bow 
or jewelry of any kind because his religion forbade it. The Baptists 
thought the river the only ]iroper jilace to administer baptism. The 
(Jongregationalists were called blue, orthodox, and the hill on which 
their church was built was called ISrinistone Hill. Vet each church 
was organized on the same basis and with the same intention as the 
church way back in 16,36, "To procure some godly and faithful minis- 
ter and to walk in all the ways of Christ." 

The date of the beginning of a pronounced interest in manufac- 
turing was May i 7, i 786, when John Hitchcock, Stephen Hitchcock, 
Ebenezer Morgan, Israel Chapin, Lemuel Stebbins, Dudley Wade, Cad 
Horton, Stephen Horton, Phineas Steadman and .\riel Cooley leased, 
in ].)erpetuity, "two acres of land and the water privilege on the south 
side of t.'hicopee river at Skenungonuck Falls," to James livers and William Smith, of Springfield. The conditions 
of the lease required that within two years the lessees should erect " iron work " for the manufacture of hollow ware 
of that metal. The ore to supply the furnace was taken from the south bank of the river, about So rods above the 
present dam, at the F"alls, and at other places. The ore was very lean, but a ton of iron lasted then a long time. The 
property was ])urchased in 1801 by Benjamin Belcher, Abijah Witherell and William Witherell, and then commenced 
the real activity of the concern. In 1805, May 22, Mr. lielcher bought the interest of his partners and continued in 
business alone until August, 1S22, when he sold the entire property to Jonathan and Ivlmund Iiwight. 'I'he property 
consisted of nearly or quite all the land where now stanils the village of Chicopee Falls, and a blast furnace. A 




EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 




"KNUCKLE DOWN. 

33 



considerable portion of this land had been purchased by Mr. ISelcher from Stephen Wright and I.evi Hitchcock, who 
had settled at that place before the erection of the iron works. These gentlemen removed from the Falls after making 
this sale. The early activities of the Dwight Brothers, both socially and in a business way, have left very pronounced 
results in Chicopee. Not the least of their many thoughtful acts was the planting of many of the magnificent elm 
trees which add so much to the beauty of the present city. The streets where corporation buildings were erected 
and those where the mills were built were treated like the up-town streets, and are alike to-day as regards shade trees. 

Oliver C'hapin was probably the first settler on the north side of the Chicopee river at the Falls, and in 1806 
he sold the privilege on that side of the river to William iiowman and Benjamin and Samuel Cox, who erected there 
a paper mill and carried on the manufacture of paper for fifteen years. When David Ames became owner of this in- 
dustry he introduced ]iai>er making machinery which greatly facilitated the production. In 1809 a small mill was 
erected near the upper dam, above the grist mill on the Chicopee river, by William, Levi and Joseph Chapin, who 
bought cotton and made yarn from which cloth was made by handlooms among different families in the town. The 
increased competition caused by the importation of imported goods so reduced the business that the firm abandoned 
it in 1815. The water power privilege was sold during David Ames' lifetime to the Chicopee Manufacturing Co. 
The land and water power at Chicopee Falls was purchased in the year 1S22 by Jonathan Dwight of Springfield for 
himself and brother Edmund of Boston, who subsequently, with other gentlemen of Boston and Springfield, entered 
business with them. Their attention having been drawn to the erection of a cotton mill at this place by Mr. Joseph 
Hall and Mr. Joseph Brown, a company was incorporated in January, 1823, under the name of Boston and Springfield 
Manufacturing Co., with ^500,000 capital. J. Dwight was the first president and Joseph Hall first agent. 

The publisher is indebted to Miss A. T. Howard for a very entertaining paper, which, after stating that " in 
1825 the Springfield and Boston Manufacturing Co. bought the water power and land adjacent to where now stands 
the city of Chicopee," says : 

In 1 83 1 a new company was organized and called the "Springfield Canal Company." This company pur- 
chased the CabotAille property, and secured John Chase as agent. At this time (1832) he was 44 years of age, and 
from this date his career as a mechanic and builder is traced in the manufactories of Chicopee. When he assumed 
the agency of the "Springfield Canal Company," the ground now occupied by this city, with its immense 
factories and numerous dwellings, was covered with bushes and much of it was of a swampy character. There 
were but three or four dwellings in the neighborhood, and a lady of this city who came as a young girl to Cabot 

34 




RESIDENCE OF EX-MAYOR GEORGE S. TAYLOR. 

35 



with the Chase family, tells me she used to gather cranberries in the neighborhood of the common near West street. 

In 1832 John Chase drove from Chicopee Falls, where he had been superintending the erection of mill No. 4, 
with George Praver, to survey the Cabotville property, and when Mr. Prayer drove the stake at the place where the 
upper end of the canal was to be, John Chase told him : — " He could tell the people he was the man who drove the 
first stake for a new Lowell." 

^\'e instinctively try to picture Cabot\ille as it was when John Chase first came here. The old farm-houses 
here and there ; the Armourers troubling the Puritan mind of Col. Lee because they traveled the "Toddy Road " to 
Japhet Chapin's tavern so often; the children roaming the fields hither and yon for the treasures of wood and 
field, and when the shadows of night began to fall, hastening to the shelter of their homes, as with their imaginations 
they saw the Indian still wandering among his native haunts — his implements still to be found in the vicinity. 

Then Capital and Energy utilizing the great water-power, and one by one, rapidly as the years came, the 
great factories and busy workshops rising like Aladdin's palace almost by magic, calling men and women from e\ ery 
land, of every nationality, to become the makers of Chicopee and to take part in the drama of joys and sorrows, 
successes and failures, that is enacted in the history of every village and town. 

The Canal Company, by Mr. Chase, began the construction of the canal on the banks of the Chicopee, which 
leads the water to the mills, and this canal, one-third of a mile in length, was completed in the autumn of 1832. 

Mr. West tells me that the first foreigner who came to Cabot was an Irishman, Tom Brainard by name, and 
that he was a very nice man. The second foreigner was a Scotchman who came to Chicopee Falls ; he has not left 
his name, but he left some poetry which would seem to indicate that he was not quite satisfied with his lot in life. 
These are the pessimistic lines : — 

If money ihe gift of life could buy. 

The rich would live and the pom- would die. 

It seems that the building of the canal brought more Irish to Cabot, and I am told they were paid 75 cents 
per day and three jiggers, the "jiggers " being something very nice to drink. This same year, 1832. a dam was completed 
across the Chicopee river at the head of the canal. A second dam, which receives the overflow from the upper one, 
was completed in 1834. Mr. Charles W. McClellan contracted with John Chase as agent of the Canal Company to 
build these dams. Mr. Chase was busy surveying and laying out the lands of the Canal Company, and it is said that 
when J. K. Mills, the treasurer of the company, came to Cabot to see what had been done, he said to Mr. Chase : — 

36 




THE JUDGE WELLS HOUSE, FORMERLY THE DWIGHT PLAGE 

37 



"Mr. Chase, one thing is clear in the laying out of this town." "And what is that ?" said Mr. Chase. " That you 
were ilrunk," said Mr. Mills, " when you laid it out." Mr. Chase laughed and said he laid it out with a view to securing 
the greatest number of corner lots. When Mr. Chase first came to Cabot, he boarded for a time at Austin Chapin's 
tavern, but later the company built for him a brick house situated where the town hall now stands, and known to my 

younger days as the Elliot house, and his 
office was close by where the new depot 
now stands. 

This company disposed of portions of 
its property and water-power to corpora- 
tions which from time to time were succes- 
sively formed and whose mills were all built 
by the Canal Company. The Cabot Afanu- 
facturing Company was the first one formed 
and was incorporated in 1S32. Their first 
mill was completed in 1834 and their second 
in 183V Ihe completion of these mills was 
celebrated by balls to which came every- 
one from far and near. Mr. Chase and his 
wife were fine dancers and general!}' opened 
the ball. Mr. Henry West attended the first 
ball, coming from and returning to Chicopee 
Falls (his home), in Mr. Chester W. Chap- 
in's stage, which was quite an institution in 
those days. In 1832 machine shops w^ere 
built to construct proper machinery for mak- 
ing cotton goods, and the Canal Company supplied the new company largely with the needed machinery. These 
shops were small and stood where the western portion of the buildings of the Ames Manufacturing Company now 
stands. Isaac Bullens came to Chicopee about this time and worked as a machinist for this company. 




BAPTIST CHURCH. CHICOPEE FALLS. 



38 



The opening of these mills and shops called many of Mr. Chase's friends from New Hampshire, his native 
state, to join him in his work of building a new Lowell at Cabot, and if we may believe tradition, they were not the 
"dull boys who take all work and no play." I do not know the names of all who came to help him in his work, but 
among them are William Clark, Charles French, Simeon and Calvin Chase, J. D. 'A'hite, Mr. Cronk, Mr. Dow, 
Moulton Taylor, Mr. Samuel Eastman and brother Charles East- 
man, Mr. Woodman, James Smith, Capt. D. M. Moore anil 
Orrin Dudley. Early in the thirties, Thomas ( ?) Humphrey came 
here to work for Capt. McClellan, superintending the work on 
the canal. I have pleasant memories connected with this name, as a 
daughter of this man was a favorite teacher of mine. They retain their 
interest in their old home and have a memorial window in their new 
Baptist church. Josiah Smith, Lewis Bosworth and the Denison fam- 
ily came to Cabot about 1830. Mr. John Denison, for most of his 
life a resident of this town, and his friend Mr. Childs (afterwards Dea. 
Childs of Holyoke) were among the early workers here. Mr. Denison 
teamed for the company, brought and carried goods from Boston and 
other cities, and once he nearly met with a fatal mishap in crossing 
the Connecticut river on the ice with his loaded team. The ice gave 
way and he lost his goods, but was fortunate enough to escape with his 
life and team. 

For the Perkins Company, incorporated in 1836, the Canal Com- 
pany put up two mills -3 and 4 -one in 1836 and the other in 1837. 
For the D wight Company they built three mills, completed in 1840, 
1842 and 1845. (All united in 1S56.) BAPTibj church, chicopee cENTpe. 

Mr. Chase's faith in the Canal Company was great. His bookkeeper, Mr. Huntington, gave up his situation 
because he thought he had a call to enter the ministry. " Enter the ministry," said Mr. Chase. " How much salary 
do you get?" The sum he named being much less than he was receiving from the Canal Company, Mr. Chase said : 
"And how do you expect to live on that?" Mr. Huntington said : " I shall trust Providence for the rest." " Hum ! 




39 



trust Providence," said Mr. t'hase ; "I should a dumb sight rather trust the Springfield Company." He 
is said by those who worked for him to have been exceedingly faithful to the interests of his employers— to 
have kept a very close watch upon all the works entrusted to his care. 

Mr. Kacon, a friend of his, and for most of his life a resi- 
dent of this town, told me he went through the shops every 
day looking after the work. He had one finger which had 
been maimed in some way, and the workmen said " if there 
was any imperfection in their work. Uncle John's stub finger 
was sure to light upon it." 





v..,_.n,^.. ._.r . ,,:; HOLY NAME OF JESUS. 

There is much said nowadays about haxing the courage 
of your convictions. John Chase always had the courage of 
his convictions, telling the minister at one time " to be as brief 
as possible, as some of them were getting pretty tired." french catholic church. 

The house so long occupied by him at the lower end of Grape street was built for him by the company. They 
gave him the choice of lots — the front lot, where James T. Ames afterwards built, or the lower lot, and he chose the 
lower one — a source of regret to his wife, who was a daughter of Gen. John Stark, of Revolutionary fame. 

He was a member of the Mechanics' Association, who built the Universalist church in 1836 and presented it 
to the society. In this year (1836) the Catholic cemetery is said to have been given to the Catholics by the Canal 
Company. 



40 



It seems at one time there must have been some jealous feeHng between Springfield and her outlying districts, 
for about 1836 some of the out-of-town folks were bound to put down the Springfield high school. Both villages of 
what is now Chicopee turned out in full force to help vote it down. Uncle John Chase said " his shop could not start 




j :^.w> \ 







\¥-ii^. 




THE OLD JUDGE CARTER PLACE 

till that school was put down," so the old Town Hall of Springfield was filled with voters. But Judge Oliver Morris 
carried the day for the schools. He said : " Here, sir, the poor have the same rights as the rich. Ves, gentlemen, 



41 



I glory in this, for I am a Republican, and know my rights, the greatest of which is freedom, after which, our public 
schools, at the head of which is our high school." He carried his audience with him. Mr. Chase's objection could 
not have been to high schools in general, as in 1842 he gave $1,000 toward the completion of a high school building 
on (irape street. 

The First National liank of fhicopee began its existence in 1S45, with a capital of §150,000, ami Jolin Chase 
was chosen its first president March 8, 1S45, and continued its president until he resigned, Ocl. 6, 1849. While he 
was president there was a run made upon the bank, instigated by some one who had a spite against it. This man 
collected all the claims against the bank possible and presented them for gold payment, and incited or frightened 
others into doing the same. Uncle John was worried, but no one knew that he was. Finally he dressed himself in 
the oldest and most weather-beaten clothes that his garret afforded, to avoid recognition, and was driven to Springfield 
in the evening, and there took the cars for New York. No one knew that he had gone except (lilbert Walker, the 
cashier. He came back the next night, walked up from Springfield with a bag of gold on each arm, and reached 
home about 9 o'clock in the evening. So they weathered the storm successfully. 

.At this time Cabot was apparently at the very zenith of her prosperity. Rnterprise anti industry seemed 
indeed in a fair way to make Cabot "a new Lowell." Already some of her manufactures had acquired an almost 
world-wide fame. But in looking back into these years of prosperity, the building up of this city is not all that we 
see, nor the din of machinery all that we hear. We see men fighting vigorously for their opinions. We see one man 
intensely opposed to the division from Springfield and the next one as intensely favoring it, and all so faithfully 
backing up their convictions that in 1843 the town failed to secure a board of selectmen. We also see, by the 
j-eports that come to us from those distant days, that tlien, as always, " orthodoxy is my doxy, and heterodoxy is your 
doxy," and they were even more willing to prove it by " apostolic blows and knocks " than we are. Look more 
closely, and you will see fermenting those bitter differences of convictions that finally culminated in the great Civil 
War. And the outcome of all this clashing of thought and word and deed is individuality, which gives such zest and 
interest to life. 

Intimately associated with John Chase in the work of building the town, was Charles W. McClellan, who took 
contracts and built most of the masonry and stone work of Chicopee's mills, dams and public buildings. He is noted 
in many states for his faithful and enduring work, and was beloved and respected by all who knew him. His public 
spirit led in 1845 to the construction of the first works for supplying the town with water through pipes. .Associated 

42 




MAIN STREET, CHICOPEE FALLS. 
43 



with him in this work was Robert E. Bemis. Water was first siipphed from tiie springs anil wells at a higher elevation 
just south of the village After the death of .Mr. Bemis it became wholly the property of Mr. McClellan. In 1S76 a 
dam was erected beyond the east line of Chicopee in Springfield for a more satisfactory supply of water, and in 1877 
the Chicopee Water Company was formed with Mr. McClellan as a stockholder. In 1850 the four large corporations, 
Ames, Cabot, Perkins and Dwight, erected gas works with a capacity sufficient to supply the mills and meet the 
ordinary wants of the villages. At some date, of which I can find no record, the Canal Company became merged in 
the Ames Company. 

Mr. Chase's labors were not confined to Chicopee and vicinity. He was sent for to suj,erintend the building 
of dams, canals and mills in New York, Pennsylvania, Georgia, South Carolina and other states. He was a man whose 
word was considered as good as his bond. For the last ten years of his life (so I read in the account given of him in 
the Springfield Rtpnhlican at the time of his death), he made it a rule not to increase the amount of his property, but 
to give his income, over and above that needed for his own use, where it would do the most good. Exact, exacting 
and methodical in business, but genial and affectionate at home. He died May 11, 1S66. 

Mrs. Luther White kindly contributes a carefully prepared and interesting paper on the Dwight Manufacturing 

Company, which is another of the group of historical papers read on that memorable day in the chapel of the Third 

Congregational Church. 

THE DWIGHT MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 

The subject assigned to me has none of the interest for people in general which attaches to the old houses and 
prominent families. A corporation is impersonal, and the chief points of interest are found in the growth of the cot- 
ton manufacturing interests in our town and in lirief mention of some of the more prominent of the families who were 
early connected with its develo|3ment. 

The mills which are now owned and operated by the Dwight Manufacturing Coinpany were originally built for 
three separate corporations. Those which are known as No. i and No. 2 were originally the property of the Cabot 
Company, and on this account the name of Cabotville was given to the village, a name which it retained until the 
incorporation of the town. The mills known as No. 3 and No. 4 were owned and operated by the Perkins Company. 
The remaining mills were, from the time of their first erection, run by the Dwight Company. But neither of the cor- 
porations developed the water power which the river afforded, nor did they erect the buildings. This was done by 
the Springfield Canal Company. The latter company was formed mainly through the agency of George Bliss of 

44 




THE T. W CARTER PLACE. 

45 



Springfield, who bought all the land which he thought desirable for a town site and which he could get in accordance 
with his ideas of value. 'I he preliiiiinary work necessary to the formation of a factory village was begun in 1S2S and 
'29, and the first cotton mill began operations in 1S32. 

In the olden time, for most of us are supposed to be young enough to call the beginning of our village the 
olden time— no mill was considered ready for the machinery until it had been dedicated by a grand ball. If tradition 

can be trusted the posters were right in giving such 
imposing name to the social occasion. Uncle lohn 
Chase, agent of the Springfield Canal Company, and 
consequently chief man of the village, led the grand 
march, and, of course, all the beauty and chivalry of 
Cabotville were gathered there by the light of the 
lanterns and the sperm oil lamps to celebrate the oc- 
casion. When the Cabot Company was ready for 
manufacturing, R. 1'^. Bemis was appointed agent, 
lie built the house which is now occupied by Mr. 
Carter on Front street and located it so that he could 
conveniently overlook the mills, as at that time there 
were no intervening buildings Mr. U'hitter, father 
of the recent paymaster of the 1 )wight Company, was 
agent of the Perkins Mills most of the time during 
which they had a separate corporate existence. 
REbioENCE OF THE LATE GEORGE M. STEARNS. 'Hie I )wight Compauy wasorganlzcd in 1841, 

and very shortly after that time Sylvanus Adams came from Lowell to take charge of its mills. He continued to be 
agent for twenty-seven years, and during all of that time actively looked after the interests of the corporation which 
he represented, and was also interested in other business enterprises in the town and vicinity. He was a public- 
spirited man and took a great interest in the Cabot Institute, the public schools, in the religious organization with 
which he was connected, and in many ways made his influence felt and respected in the community. He had a 
large family of beautiful and bright children and his home was a center of social influence and power. 




46 



In 1856 the Dwight Company bought the property of the Cabot Company and the Perkins mills. The whole 
of the cotton manufacturing interests were then, and ever since have been, carried on by the Dwight Manufacturing 
Company. 

The consolidation was at that time the occasion of much talk about the growing power of great corporations, 
and the opposition was very similar to that which we hear now on the same subject. But the work of manufacturing 
has gone on with increasing prosperity and with no 
detriment to the public. After a long term of service 
Mr. Adams was succeeded by Mr. Budlong, whose 
death soon after his removal to the town was greatly 
lamented. Gen. Nye then took charge, and his con- 
nection with the company and his residence here 
with his family are remembered with much pleasure. 

The manufacture of cotton cloth was begun in 
this locality under such circumstances as would now 
be fatal to such an enterprise. The raw material and 
the finished product had to be transported by teams, 
or by the equally slow water navigation of the Con- 
necticut river. The only means of artificial light 
was by sperm-oil lamps. Since then improved ma- 
chinery has increased \ery greatly the product of the 
mills, and at the same time reduced the hours of 

labor and the number of laborers, while the wages __^^_„_ 

have been nearly doubled. residence of t. c. page, east street. 

In those good old times the operatives had to work 14 hours a day. Then the best overseers did not get 
over $2.25 per day, while now they receive more than twice that sum. Now a mule spinner does the work which two 
did then and gets three times the pay, and I am informed that the wages of the other operatives are also very much 
higher than they were 50 years ago. The product of the mills has also been more than doubled. In the year just 
preceding the consolidation of the companies the united product of all the mills did not exceed 14,000,000 yards 




47 



a year, while at the present time there are over 30,000,000 yards turned out every year, or an average of more than 

100,000 yards for each working day. 

The greatest apparent change, so far as it affects the social life of the town, is not, however, in the mills, 

methods of manufacture or wages, but in 
the personnel of the employes. During the 
first years of cotton manufacturing the help 
came almost exclusively from the surround- 
ing towns, excepting a few skilled workmen 
from Lowell. It was a homogeneous mass 
of people, which cultivated New England 
traditions. The first foreign laborers who 
were introduced here came to dig the canal. 
They did no skilled work and tended no 
machinery, but were the forerunners of a 
vast multitude of various races and nation- 
alities, so that now in order to understand 
the language of the street one must speak 
nearly all the tongues of Continental EuVope. 
The change which the advent of for- 
eigners has made in the New England 
town is too api^arent to require comment, 
and we are too intimately affected by it to 
pass unbiased judgment thereon. 

RESIDENCE OF MRS. MARGARET M. NEALLEY. MRS LU'i HER \\ HITE. 

One of the best known of the early settlers was Deacon Silas Mosman, of whom Mrs. ^Nlelzer Alosman, thus 
pleasantly writes ; 

I suppose the intention was to commence our narrations some time pre\ious to the landing of the Pilgrims on 
Plymouth Rock, liut as the .Mosmans at present settled in Chicopee trace their family descent back to the time of 

48 



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pSHPSi 


1 



" Bloody Mary," and as a Mosman was her clock maker, I must commence there. This link also connects the Mos- 
man family to a valuable property consisting of castles and treasure in the Bank of England, and is so conclusive that 
a lawyer has been employed to reinstate us in our lawful rights. When we are once in the ancient strongholds we 
shall be happy to receive at the castle and talk over old times with the friends present to-day. 

The first track made by a Mosman on 
Chicopee soil was in 1829, when Deacon 
Silas Mosman walked from Warwick to 
Skipmuck and secured employment for him- 
self and sons in the cotton mills and else- 
where. On his way to and from he lodged 
at a farm house in Hadley and was charged 
a ninepence (12 1-2 cents) for his entertain- 
ment. Later he moved his family there, 
consisting of a wife and seven sons, Silas, 
Abner, David, George, I )e.\ter, Nathan and 
Martin, and one daughter, Mary. 

In a short time Deacon Mosman and 
the older sons were employed in the Ames 
shops in the manufacturing of cutlery, Mr. 
Mosman as grinder and two of the sons as 
polishers and the others in various ways. 
They removed with the Ames works to 
Lower Chicopee in 1S34, where they were 
engaged for many years. .At this time, when 
Chicopee was a mere hamlet, Deacon Mos- the whittemore place 

man and his two eldest sons, then married, bought the land south of the high school and built two houses, those now 
owned by Mrs. De.xter Mosman and Mrs. Pepper, which were occupied by Deacon Silas Mosman and Silas Mosman, 
Jr., for years. They with their wives were four of the eighteen members of the little church which was organized the 




49 



year they came here, 18,54, '"kI "''is known as the Sixth Congregational Church of Springfield. This church was dear 
to the whole Mosman family, and time, labor and money were cheerfully given for its welfare. The l.irothers were 
prominent in aiding in the church music, which consisted of mixed \oices and an orchestra that is worthy of men- 
tion here, as it was famous in all the region. It had various make-ups, but for a long time was as follows : Flutes, 
Dexter Mosman and Klijah Harwood ; double Ixass, Silas Mosman, Jr., ophicleide, (leorge Mosman. Mr. Henry 

West has a record in the early church as flutist 
and janitor. He swept the meeting house, 
built the fires and shoveled the snow for $25 a 
year. 

The ladies' meetings, such as sewing socie- 
ties and mothers' meetings, were always encour- 
aged and supported by the presence and talents 
of Mrs. Deacon Mosman, and the status of so- 
( iety was a \ital (|uestion with her, who was a 
Puritan by birtli and breeding, and who, with 
her large family and a house full of boarders, 
had a heart larger than all her cares and duties. 
The first break in the family was the death of 
I >avid, twenty-four years of age, and just one 
vear from the day of his marriage with Margaret 
I'ease of Chicopee street. He died of Cabot 
fever, a fearful scourge that took its name frorn the town where it raged exclusively in 1839, and on the day of 
his burial nine dead lay unburied in this small village. 

Deacon Mosman was an important factor in the new and growing community and was once elected and served 
as representative. He died in 1854, and five years afterwards his wife. Silas Mosman was elected to represent the town, 
or district (as it was a part of Springfield), in 1848, and it was owing to his tact and unusual ability that the bill was 
passed allowing Chicopee to be set off from S|iringfield and to aspire to the dignity of a town by itself. He has a 
well-known and well-earned reputation tor work done under his superintendence for the Ames Company. The fine 




50 



presentation swords of General (Irant, General Butler, Gov. Oglesby and others, costing ^2,000 each, which were made 

here, and also the bronze statuary department, were under his management and direction. Among the notable bronze 

works are the bronze doors made for the Capitol at Washington, costing $57,000. The finish of the work is declared 

by experts to be distinctively American — neither an imitation of the French fififle or of the German finish, but equal to 

either in beauty of treatment or execution. During the war three of the Mosman Brothers, Silas, George and Martin, 

were in the Ames shops at work upon war implements. The other three brothers, Dexter, Abner, and Martin, were 

government inspectors, and three of the third generation, William, 

Mulzar and Emory, responded to Uncle Sam's call and went to 

the front. Two of the last survived the honor of having been 

soldiers, but Emory, a boy of 17, volunteered to undertake a 

hazardous mission inside the enemy's lines at Port Hudson and 

was personally commi?sioned by Gen. Banks. He was never 

seen or heard from afterward. Of the seven brothers who came 

to Chicopee Falls in 1829, all lived to mature age and married. 

And with the exception of David, who died at 24 years of age, 

all became closely identified with the best interests of the town 

and were useful citizens and prosperous men. 

Mary, the sister, is renowned for her purity .nnd her faith. 
She is the apostle of the faith cure and brings about wonderful 
things ; she has a faith home at ( )cean (iro\e. George, Nathan 
and Mary are still alive, and seventeen of the. third generation — 
with nineteen of the fourth generation. Had she lived in Medi- 
aeval times she would doubtless ha\e been canonized as a saint. 

The name of Folder Hiram Munger has been associated with Chicopee too many years not to be a familiar 
combination to most people throughout the Connecticut Valley. Mr. Munger is now in his 90th year, and retains his 
interest in the busy life of to-day. You may find him sitting at his sunny window reading or writing, or, perhaps, 
preparing to attend some convention in some distant city, where he is going to preach or give an address. Life is 
still worth living, and has many attractions for him. Mr. Munger is best known, and will always be remembered, as he 




CASINO AUDITORIUK 



51 




appears on the street in an ordinary business suit and soft felt liat. His response to a request for something 
original from him is found in the following short sketch ; 

Chicopee Falls, Oct. 2d, 1S95. 
A short and condensed account of the growth and enterprise of 
Chicopee by ladder Hiram Munger, in his 90th year, and over 75 years 
in Chicopee, called by King Philip " Skammganuk," which means "fish 
river," — As I have been requested a number of times to give an account 
of Chicopee on different points, I give this in a general condensed way, 
as follows : 

When I came to Chicopee in i.Sjo there were no factories, but one 
meeting house, one doctor, four schools, and no lawyers. About 1000 
inhabitants in 1822. The first cotton factory was built in 1822 at the 
Falls, and one at the lower village in 18,^2, and both have increased 
ten fold. Now we ha\e 17,000 iiihabitants, over a score of meeting 
houses, schools, doctors and lawyers, and the enterprise in manufacturing 
increasing. I know of no place of the same size that has invented so 
many ini|iortant [latents as the mechanics of Chicopee. The world is 
indebted to Chicopee for two of the greatest inventions of the age, viz., the 
friction match by Fhilijis and the great rotary ]:iaper machine by John 
.\nies, and many others. The in\'entors were my most intimate friends. 

HiR.A.M .Muni;er. 
V. S — King I'hilip's army of Indians was camjied on Chicopee 
river when they burnt Springfiehl, then massacred many at liloody Brook, 
(Greenfield. 

The Springfield Reptiblicaii writes thus jjleasantly of Inkier Munger : 
" Elder Hiram Munger, now in his ninety-first year, is one of the original and forcible Yankee types that are 
said to be disappearing as time goes on, but which, nevertheless, are likely to be repeated for a long while yet, if not 




ELDER HIRAM MUNGER 




THE ERASTUS STEBBINS PLACE, SPRINGFIELD STREET. 

53 



with just the \igoroiis flavor of the generation of Mr. Mimger, yet with enough of the true \'ankee character to warrant 
their kinsliip. Mr. Munger has been all his life a hard-working man ; he began to earn his living in a factory while 
he was a child, and grew up, turning his hand to whatever offered itself; he ran a grist mill, invented a water wheel, 

became a millwright, built dams as 
well as wheel-jMts ; but principally, 
after he was twenty- five years old, he 
worked in the field of religion, in his 
own peculiar way, preaching and pray- 
ing, taking charge of camp meetings, 
first of Methodists, then of Second 
Adventists ; dealing with " the Cain 
family," and often making Christians 
of them ; awakening consciences, fill- 
ing "the anxious seats," converting 
hard old fellows and confirmed shrews 
to temperance of appetite or tongue, 
and everywhere using a shrewd per- 
ception of individual human nature 
and a masterly way of dealing with it 
to accomplish results that few men 
could bring about. Hiram Munger 
has lived almost all his life within a 
few miles of this city, and has seen it 
grow from a village. No man can 
LOOKING UP HILL AT Dt.oT. pj^^^^g jj^ changes better than he ; he 

has his opinion on every public subject, and it is apt to be a strong and sensible opinion. As the years go, he 
ripens, and his age is as much wiser than his youth as age ought to be. He is the same blunt, plain-spoken, unpolished 
man he used to be in the 40s, but he has vastly broadened and strengthened in thought, and while he does not think 

54 





JUNCTION OF SPRINGFIELD AND WEST STREETS. 

55 



now any more than then that education will sa\e a man's soul, he appreciates its value more. Few men ha\'e done 
more solid good than MIder Munger, and liis equal for vigorous originality of character may lie sought far and near in 
vain." 

The merchants of the town was the subject of Mrs. A. H. Stebbins' paper, and she thus interestingly describes 
them : 

THE MERCHANTS. 

In looking up the names of the merchants who were engaged in business in CabotviUe, or Lower Chicopee, as 
the i^lace was called in its early days, I had access to several numbers of the CabotviUe Chronicle printed in 1842, 
'44 and '45, edited by Thomas D. Blossom, also the CabotviUe Mirror of '49 edited by Henry Russell, the Chicopee 
Telegraph of '51, edited by J. C. Stoever and printed in a room under the Cabot hall, and the Chicopee Journal, 
edited by J. C Haven and ti. V. W'heelock. It was the same weekly paper with a different name. 

Before 1840 there were only a few stores, but they increased as the times demanded. The first merchants 
were Moses Christy and Samuel Harthen, who were partners in dry goods and groceries and occupied the store which 
they had built, near where the post office is now. The first postmaster was Moses Christy and he kept the office in 
the same store. The room over the post oi¥ice was occupied by Amos W. Stockwell as a land office. loafer. Squire 
Stockwell, as he was called, was postmaster. On Merchants' row were Jerome Wells & Co, Daniel W. Millard being 
the company, Shumway, De.Kter Wells, the news room of E. F. Brown, Nathaniel Cutler, W'ells I'v: Goodwin, later Bagg 
& Goodwin, H. Hutchins, Volney Mitchell. J. T. Dow, C. P. Kimball, with John B. Wood for a clerk, M. Cavanaugh, 
and T. H. Ringgold, a colored barber. This Ringgold was a run-away slave and found his way to this place. Some 
of the citizens here by subscription raised the sum of S500, his owner's price, and bought his freedom. I ha\ e heard 
that his son George was in line to shake hands with Gov. Robinson when he took the ofifice of governor of the state, 
and in passing with the hand shake said : " Here's for Chicopee." The GoAernor was surprised, but immediately 
recognized him. I'nder the I'niversalist church were the stores of Orrin Lawrence, M. Lingman & Son, and Sterling 
& Paige. 

Exchange street was called Ferry street and extended down to the ferry, which here crossed the Connecticut 
river. A two story frame house, owned and occupied by ISenning Lea\itt while he lived, was on the corner of Center 
and Ferry streets. That building later was made into stores and is still standing tiiere. Mr. Benning l.eavitt was 



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RESIDENCE OF HENRY A. BAILEY, CHICOPEE FALLS. 

57 



engaged in the manufacture of bobbins for a number of years He was a man highly respected by all who knew him. 
His son, Daniel l.eavitt, was another prominent citizen. Wentworth's block next had a number of stores, occupied 
by William E. Wentworth, afterward Wentworth & Taylor, Milo & H. F. Brown, and !•;. T. & T. H. Taylor. Other 
merchants were William G. Bliss, S. F. Williams, Smith and Amory Doolittle, J. S. Robbins, ticket agent at the depot, 
with David Folsom at his right hand, C. F. Kent, E. B. Haskell, William H. Clark, John I'arshley, Asel Sherman, Mrs. 
Wait, millinery, Asa Remington, J. 1!. Underwood, Lewis Cutler, ['^lisha BuUens & Co., J. Marshall, Shaw & Wood- 
worth, gold and silversmiths, Wright & Culver, and Isaac Bullens & Co., three brothers being the company. 

This family came from Newton in 1836-S by stage and, being machinists, worked for a while at the Ames 
shops. In a short time Isaac and Ira M. ojiened a meat market in Ferry's block, and Amaziah was employed there. 
Later they bought the land between Cabot and Miller streets, and built a brick building on the corner of Cabot and 
opened a dry goods, groceries and boot and shoe store, also crockery — for the merchants at that time kept a general 
assortment of everything needed in a family. Later they built a frame addition on Cabot street, and had a market ; 
but Robert & Burgess soon succeeded them in that business. I'^lisha had a store for drugs and medicines. He 
built his house on a part of this land, and li\ed in it until he was ready to erect the large brick block which is now 
owned and occupied by C. .\. Bullens and others. Ira M. withdrew from the store of Isaac & Co. and opened a 
boot and shoe store, with books and stationery. He was one of the assessors for several years ; also was one of the 
first to petition for the act dividing Springfield, so that Cabotville might be incorporated a town of itself. 

Mention may be made here of some of the clerks employed by Isaac Bullens & Co., as many of the names are 
quite familiar. F. F. Steadman, James L. Burgess, the late Flbridge Brigham, of the firm of Tinkham & Brigham, 
Springfield ; the late Mahlon I^. Spaulding, of Boston ; also John A. and Justin Spaulding, J. \. Carter, John Babcock, 
•Aaron Goodell, the late .Andrew Hunter, afterwards postmaster, and Oliver Pond. 

Isaac, Ira and Amaziah bought land adjoining the old cemetery and laid it out in lots for burial, selling them 
as they were needed. They gave it the name of Maple Grove cemetery. 

George F. Pease, in the building known as the .Arcade, west of the Eagle hotel, sold stoves and tinware, and 
later Philander Streeter occupied the same store. Further down were Mrs. Collins, inillinery, Mr. Tucker's variety 
store, Benjamin E. Ballord and Wheeler & Claggett. 

On the north side of Ferry street, and ne.xt to the Cabot hall building, J. P. Searle kept a harness and trunk 
manufactory. The livery stables of Alonzo Wait, with William Wheeler and Winkley & Ingraham, then Albert Wait, 

58 



'1,%^ -A 




RESIDENCE OF MRS. SAMUEL BLAISDELL. 
59 



were next. In a little one-story building, painted green, Richard Collins had a small store. Below Cabot street W. 
L & J. W. Hitchcock made and repaired boots and shoes, and George P. Baldwin sold dry goods in the same building. 

On Cabot street in the building of the Dennison market, were C. V. & L. Lane and Branch & Skeele. Later, in 
the little brown building next, the book and stationery store of C. V. Lane. Clark Albro, with his son Emilius, sold 
groceries in their little store under the Baptist church. Mrs. Hutchins had millinery in her parlor opposite the 
Unitarian church. 

Center street had its share of business. The furniture wareroom of Moses G. Whitney was first door south 
of the Universalist church in a two story brick building known 
as Mechanics' block. Afterwards the firm name in this busi- 
ness was Chapin, Whitney & Gowdy. Mr. Whitney was the 
undertaker and Mason I). Whitaker owned and always went 
with the hearse. The first hall was in this block and was 
called Mechanic's hall. Near by was the meat market of W. 
W. Johnson and later of J. W. McClench, the blacksmith 
shop of S. Crouch and the paint shop of S. & H. Churchill. 
On the opposite side of the street were Frost & Robinson, 
carriage and harness manufacturers, and Moore &: Miller, 
livery stable. D. M. Moore, familiarly called Capt. Moore, 
was also an auctioneer. G. M. liigelow soap works and Ladd 
Brothers bakery. This business, since the I.adds left it, has 
been successfully carried on by W. C. U'edge, and his inven- 
tion of the rotary oven is praiseworthy. 

On Springfield street, Cieorge H. Chapman with Fred Atkins made monev in their brush factory. Jonathan 
Pease represented dry goods, using part of his house for a store. Miss Hancock, later Mrs. Dr. Dennison, had a dress- 
maker's establishment, and a busy place it was. Half way up the hill was James Lyon's apothecary store ; a picture 
of the Good Samaritan on his sign gave the proprietor the same name. R. B. Inshaw, engraver and gunsmith, was 
located in this vicinity. The Cabot House was represented by the Chapins, lately of the Massasoit, then by Madison 
Kendall, who also owned the stage line between Chicopee Falls and Springfield. The brick block west of the Cabot 

60 




CHICOPEE STREET— THE OLD CHAPIN HOMESTEAL 



House, called Chapin's block, was occupied by T. S. Morgan, J, H. Dickinson and Liberty Jenks, father of A.J. 
Jenks. The upper room or hall was used for meetings, entertainments and balls. I have recendy seen an invitation, 
for a gentleman and his partner, to a blowing out ball to be held in Chapin's hall, March the 20th, commencing at 
4 o'clock in the afternoon, and the names of the managers were Erastus Stebbins, Orrin Dudley, Henry Goff, Wm. P. 
Winkley and others. The lighting up and blowing out balls were the events of the season. The mills from Septem- 
ber 20th until March 20th were lighted, and run until 7.30 o'clock, and a ball at the beginning and ending was in order. 

Dr. Bemis was the first physician. Dr. Amos Skeele lived in Chicopee street. His charges for visiting a patient 
were moderate, 12 1-2 cents for the visit and 10 cents a mile for the distance he had to go. Dr. Perry also lived in 
Chicopee street, but came over to this side of the river and built the house now owned by Mrs. Charles Smith on the 
ground where ex-Governor Robinson's house now stands. A story is told of Dr. Perry which is amusing and, perhaps, 
encouraging, A patient was talking with him of the unhealthy season of spring. The doctor straightened up and 
said : " My friend, 1 have always observed that if I lived through the month of March, I did not die that year." Drs. 
Ellis, Bridgman, Dennison, Jacobs and Pearsons soon located here. I^r. J. H. Williams and Dr. Tyler were dentists. 
Dr. Lovejoy and Dr. Morgan coming later. Dr. Porter has been in business some thirty-eight years here, a longer 
time than any one still doing business, with the exception of John McKeon, near the lunction. 

The first daguerreotype taken in the United States was taken here by A. S. Southworth, who is now an expert 
in handwriting in Boston. The first case of daguerreotypes ever hung out in Boston was taken here. They were 
hung there on the day that Harrison was inaugurated President in 1S41. L. G. Blaisdell gave lessons in music for a 
long time in a room in Cabot hall block. 

Many merchants of later years might be mentioned who have died, removed from town, or retired : Josiah 
Whitney, M. L. Vounglove, L. Temple, Avery and John A. Dennison, Joseph Stackpole and C. H. Merrick. Moved 
from town : D. F. Hale, Springfield ; R. T. Oakes, Holyoke ; Isaac and (ieorge Allen, Boston ; G, Marsh, Ware, and 
H. Rice, Belchertown. Mr. Oakes was very active in church work, making a great specialty of the Sunday school, of 
which he was for a long time superintendent. During this time he published a church paper called Our Motithlv, 
and which contained interesting historical sketches by old residents, Silas Mosman, Hiram Munger, W. L. Bemis and 
others. Samuel Parshley and J. M. Lane have retired from business. 

The Inshaw place on Springfield street is one of the most picturesque, as well as an old landmark, and the 
pictures of the house and former occupant are excellent. 

61 




RICHARD B. INSHAW. 



About the year 1836 Richard B. Inshaw and family came 
to Cabotville from New York city to take charge of the fine 
engraving of the then flourishing N. P. Ames works. He 
was one of the best silver engravers in the country, a man of 
rare ability and taste in his artistic line. Among the many 
fine pieces of work was the splendid presentation sword given 
General Winfield Scott at the close of the Mexican war. He 
was a very generous, social man, fond of hunting and sports, 
quite authority in such matters. The story goes that at one 
time he kept forty fine sporting dogs — and what with rare 
birds and choice animals made his home a great attraction 
to the villager, and possibly a nuisance to his immediate 
neighbors. Both he and his wife, Mary Pool, were English, 
and the little picturesque cottage was a typical English home, 
built in then a rich farming community, with a c^uaint, old- 
fashioned cider mill on the ground beside it. The dwellers 
of the sleepy hamlet felt indeed fine when the first oil lamp 
(lashed upon the " down street " favored folks. Then slowly 
came camphine, fluid, kerosene, gas, and now the brilliant 
electric light and cars seem more of a necessity than a lu.vury. 
There-were no bridges and the C'hicopee was forded and the 
creeping horse boat was run to West Springfield down at 
-Vshley Ferry where now is the Connecticut bridge. The house 
remains much as when built, the door plate just the same — 
but grand houses and much wealth quite overshadow " the 
little yellow cottage." The youngest son, Richard B., with 
his family, and the oldest daughter, .\nn Inshaw Wing, are 
now livinu there and often tell of the then and now. The 



62 




RESIDENCE OF THE LATE RICHARD B. INSHAW. 
63 




NATHAN P. AMES, 



family were strong F'l]Mscopalians and the forming of Grace 
Episcopal Church under Rev. Charles Fisher was in a 
great measure due to their efforts, which denomination was 
hardly the proper thing at that time, as the Puritan feel- 
ing was still very strong in New England, and to be a 
" I^iscopal " was a thing to be spoken of in tones of de- 
rision, but times and ideas have changed since then, and 
under the care of Rev. Newton ?!lack the little church is 
again in a prosperous condition. 

THE AMES FAMILY AND COMPANY. 

More than loo years ago (in 1791) Nathan Peabody 
Ames, a hard-working blacksmith who put thought into his 
work, was plying his trade at Chelmsford, on the Merri- 
mac, where since has grown the busy city of Lowell. He 
is said to have been the first to use the water power at that 
place, making edged tools and cutlery. In 18 10 the shop 
was burned, and he started a nail factory in Dedhani. Here 
his son, James Tyler Ames, was born. We quote from a 
letter of Mr. Simon Southworth : "In 1S29 the cutlery 
business was again begun in Chelmsford, being transferred 
to Nathan P. Ames, Jr., who made a tour of the country 
as far as ^Vashington, returning by way of the Hudson and 
stage to Boston. There was a midnight supper and change 
of horses at the Springfield tavern, and but two passen- 
gers that night to leave Springfield— Mr. Ames and Edmund 
Dwight, of Boston — the former a young man of 2S, the latter 
already a capitalist engaged in manufacture at Chicopee 

64 



Falls, his country home. The Dwight mills and streets in Chicopee and Holyoke were named in his honor. Mr. 
Ames had an e.xpression of intense honesty, which always inspired confidence at sight, and before morning a contract 
was made by which the Ames brothers were to come to Chicopee Falls and start their old business of tools and 
cutlery, Mr. Dwight furnishing a shop, machinery and water power where the ]>amb Manufacturing Company is now 
situated. No rent was ever accepted. This lasted about four years, when the ' Lower Privilege,' afterward Cabot- 
ville and now Chicopee, began to be improved. In 1S34 the Ames Company was organized, with lames K. Mills 
and Edmund Dwight and a capital of §30,000, and buildings erected on the present site. The following year N. P. 
Ames subscribed $5,000 towards the first building of the 
Third Congregational church, it being at that time one- 
half of his personal estate. 

"Small tools of steel — hatchets, knives and chisels 
— were made first, and the workmanship earned such a 
reputation that counterfeits of cast iron were made in 
England and sent here to be sold. Coming with the 
Ames brothers from Lowell were Madison Kendall and 
James K. Fletcher. The first tempering of sword blades 
was done by them, and continued for many years. 

" .^mong the early comers was Ethan Chapin, who 
afterwards kept the Cabot House, and later made the ' ' 

Massasoit House famous. original works, ames manufacturing company, 1328. 

" The first regulation army and navy swords were made by the company, many of them being on exhibition 
at Homer Foot's store. p:xquisite presentation swords were made for ofPcers of the Mexican and Civil wars, and 
many historic names have been engraved on jeweled hilts sent from the shop by the river, and now are among the 
cherished relics of the heroes who gave all of life to their country.''' 

" Gun machinery was made for England and Crermany, and late in the 30's they began casting bells for public 
buildings. The City Hall bell, New York, weighing over 8,000 pounds and 6 feet high, was hung with a great 




Among them being Generals Scott, Grant, Butler, Worth, Taylor, Banks, Caleb Gushing and Zachaiy Taylor 

65 



celebration, and another was the Episcopal church bell in Hartford, at that time being the 'largest and best bell in 

New England,' and those of the Third Congregational church and old high school, the latter being presented by N. 

P. Ames. In 1X36 the founding of bronze cannon was begun, and the manufacture of leather belting, military accou- 
trements and artillery harness and turbine water wheels came later 
In 1840 N. P. Ames went to Europe with a commission from the 
Tnited States Ordnance Department to visit the arsenals and gun 
factories, with a view to introducing the best to be had into the 
I'nited States armories. While witnessing the funeral of" Napoleon 
Mr. .Ames contracted a cold, which, aggravated by poisoning from 
amalgam paste, cost years of suffering, and death came in 1847. He 
was succeeded by his brother, James I'yler .Ames. 

" In 1853 it became the turn of the British government to send 
I'ut a commission to learn the latest improvements in gimmaking 
machinery, .\fter a careful examination of the best devices in use 
in the United States, a large contract was made with the .Ames Com- 
pany to furnish improved machinery for the English armories. 'I'he 
same year a venture was made which not a few of the most sanguine 
friends of the company predicted would result in disaster and ruin 
its almost unrivaled reputation. This was nothing less than the 
attempt to introduce into the United States the founding of bronze 
art work, and workmen were brought from luirope. 'I'he signal 
success which followed proved the farsightedness of Mr. Ames and 
his advisers. The bronzes were immediately recognized as possess- 
ing unmistakable artistic merit and, placed in competition with the 
best Euro]jean products, all criticism was silenced, and the demand 
grew rapidly. 
"The first bronze statue cast by the Ames Company was that of ISenjamin franklin, placed in front of the 

Pioston Citv Hall. The workmen went to the unveiling ceremonies in a special train by the Boston lS; Worcester 

66 




JAMES T- AMES. 



and Western railroads, and it was an occasion always remembered by them. Other well-known works were the 
equestrian statues of Washington in Boston Public (hardens and Union Square, New York City, the Lincoln monument, 
Springfield, 111., statue of the "Minute Man," at Concord bridge, and the bronze doors at the Senate wing of the 
Capitol, Washington. It was at the .'\mes Company that the process of electroplating was introduced into the United 
States, and Mr. Charles B. Woodworth was the pioneer plater of this country. The silver services for the Tremont 
House and many other hotels were made here. 

"In 1858 Mr. .Ames visited Europe as agent of the United States to examine machinery for rolling gun 
barrels. The mission proved a remarkably successful one, and 
he made purchases for Harpers Ferry and Springfield armories. 
During the war a force of over 700 men worked day and night 
making cannon, swords and sabres. Some days as many as 
1,000 swords were turned out. Without the improvements 
thus introduced only a small portion of the guns required by 
the war could have been furnished. The bronze tablets at 
the entrance of the City Hall were made here During the 
FrancoT^russian war the company received orders from the 
French government for about 100,000 sabres, and from the 
Turkish government for 236,000 sabres to equip their army for 
the Russian war. Until 1880 the business was conducted 
as a department of the .Ames Company, but the magnitude of 
the sword business made it desirable to form a separate interest 
of it. .\ new corporation was formed by the stockholders, and 
they purchased adjoining property, into which the sword business was moved and established as the Ames Sword 
Company, and was for many years under the management of Mr. Justin P. Woodworth. Mr. James T. Ames retired 
from the management of the business in 1874, and was succeeded by his son-in-law, Hon. Albert C. Woodworth, for 
more than ten years, and during this time the Victor bicycle and Eldridge sewing machine were manufactured by the 
company. Mr. .Ames died Feb. 16, 1883. 

"The Ames brothers were men of great genius, untiring energy and high Christian character. The highest 

67 




RESIDENCE OF THE LATE JOHN CHASE. 



interest of the church was aUvavs dear to their hearts. They were earnest teachers in the Sunday School. Devoted 
lovers of art and natural science, they collected many \aluable minerals, and presented specimens to the Ikitish 
Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Harvard, Vale and other colleges and schools. In the old (]iiarry were found rare 
specimens of fossil tracks, which President Hitchcock, of Amherst, came to gather up. The ])laster casts of the 
Capitol doors are also in that collection. The degree of Master of Arts was conferred by that institution in 1868." 

The influence of the .Ames family on the early life of Chicopee cannot be too highly estimated. The young 
town was largely shaped by them in company with other leading spirits of the time. That their interests and best 
efforts were identical with those of the town they so ably represented was fortunate for all concerned. If any move 
helped Chicopee, that was sufficient for the .Ameses ; they were ready to aid and abet it to the best of their ability, of 
which they had a large share. In business, social life, religion, in public interests, it was always their willing hands 
which gave the new idea its first impetus. 

The old home at the corner of Front and Crape streets, beautified by the hand of the original owner, who 
collected rare plants which have received the kindest care from his descendants, is one of the most attractive places 
in Chicopee. The same hospitable spirit characterizes the place, the same wish to aid Chicopee in all her ambitions. 
The present occupants are Mrs. James T. .Ames, a venerable lady, Mrs. A. C. Woodworth, her daughter, and Mrs. G. 
H. Hale and her little daui^hter, making four generations living in the old home. 




68 



WILLIMANSETT. 




isf-^ 



"^/thl.LIMANSETT, gen- 
'Jl 'X erally defined, " is a 
small hamlet at the northerly 
end of Chicopee street on the 
east side of the Connecticut river, 
and opposite Holyoke ; its interests 
are principally agricultural." This but 
N'aguely describes the ambitious " ham- 
let," where, while it is true that agricul- 
tural interests have and do hold sway, 
Willimansett people have manifested an enter- 
prising spirit and proved themselves a worthy 
iart of the municipality of Chicopee. 'I'he main 
interest of this division of the city follows the old 
road extending from the new bridge and the South 
Hadley line to Chicopee street, and from which other 
roads reach out, affording excellent communication with 
adjacent places. The electric road, opened in the spring 
of 1895, follows the main road through ^Villimansett and 
extends over the hill, connecting with the lines to Springfield 
at Chicopee Falls. A number of houses standing by this road- 
side testify to the antiquity of the place and the eminent respectability of 
its inhabitants. Here, near the station, and occupied by the family of J. B. 
Stratton, whose wife is a daughter of. the house, stands the pleasant, large house used by Joseph Griswold for a tavern 
in the days when its hospitality was known up and down the road for many miles. An old sign, still treasured, 

69 




KtSIDENCE OF J. B. STRATTON. 



70 



shows the name and object of the building. The house is at least 105 years old, and was kept as a tavern until 
Captain Griswold's death in 1822. The Griswold family has an honorable historic record, and can trace their descent 
directly to the first governor of Connecticut, 

The next man to entertain the public was Clossen Pendleton. His tavern was on the opposite side of the 
street, farther down the road, and in the north front room is 
unmistakable proof of its antiquity, the useful "corner" cup- 
board. Later, the Pendleton family moved into the present 
family homestead just above the old inn. In the Pendleton 
house live the two daughters, Miss Helen Pendleton and Mrs. 
Ci. Tourtelotte, who worthily maintain the prestige of the place. 

Tall trees guard it in front, a 
fringe of forest trees extends 
along the river bank, across the 
sheen of water sparkle the lights 
of a modern city, before it hum 
the electric cars, and the old 
places accept the changes with 
dignified indifference. The in- 
novations and methods of the 

present time are nothing to them. They know and have seen important things in their 
lifetime. If they could speak what tales they could tell. Sometime they will move back 
from the old street and will become an insignificant part of some new building, or, 
]>erhaps, will merge their individuality into some thoughtless modern structure. Still, 
they have served their day and generation, and by a kindly dispensation of the fates 
their usefulness has extended far beyond the period allotted to their original owners. 
What more can they or anyone desire ? 

Upon the hill called Prospect, and with good reason, once stood the first schoolhouse erected in Willimansett 
district, which was the joy or aversion of the youth of that time as their individual tastes dictated. Of this building 

71 





THE FIRST SCHOOL HOUSE. 



"deestrict SCHOOLMARM ' 




MAIN STREET. 



72 



very little has come down through the village history. No picture of it was extant, and the cut presented is taken 
from a wooden model which was sketched, then photographed, then engraved, and the result gives the regulation 
school building of 1700. 

Still standing are the old residence of Deacon Newton Day, whose last occii|>ant and member of the family 
was the late Mrs. Laura Day, the 
Amos Skeele place, the Orange 
Chapin place, the old Chapin home 
on Main street below the village, 
and which was the property of 
Lawyer Cha])in up to the time of its 
sale, and the old Abbey home, now 
occupied by Joseph Stone. 

I^ater, the schoolhouse of 
brick stood at the foot of the hill, 
and when the Connecticut River 
Railroad Company desired to run 
its glittering new rails before its 
very door in 1842, the management 
bought it for a station, gi\ing the 
town another brick building in the 
south, which, after two additions, 
became the present creditable struc- 
ture used for educational purposes, 
and which stands just opposite the 
Stratton house. The trees in the yard were planted under the superintendence of Deacon Orange Chapin, one of the 
most faithful citizens, who served his generation well in many capacities, especially as justice of the peace. 

The first white settlers of the village were Abel Chapin and his wife, Hannah Hitchcock. He was the great 
grandson of Samuel Chapin and grandson of Japhet, who settled in Chicopee. He lived in a house which stood on Mrs. 




wiLLiMANserr station. 



73 




OLD PENDLETON HOME. 



74 



Bannister's land nearly between her two houses. I'he first item regarding industries which seems to be authentic is that 
relating to the establishment of a saw mill, and very probably a grist mill, which stood below the hill and was run by power 
gathered by damming the brook very near the place where James Emerson built his dam in 1875 for the water works con- 
nected with Mr. Bardwell's house. The traces of a dam were easily recognizable, and inquiry disclosed the fact that these 
works belonged to a generation living at the time of the war of 1S12. The site of the powder mill, which was quite a 
prosperous business 63 years ago, is still kept in mind by Powder Mill Brook Station, where are now two brick yards. 
The greatest prosperity was enjoyed during 1830-40. At that time Mr. S. C. Bemis, resident of Springfield, and her 
war mayor, was quite largely engaged in the manufacture of hardware, using three forges, and employing 100 men. 
This was of the best kind, specimens of which can be seen in some W'illimansett homes to-day. Later, Willis Phelps 
run a woolen mill here. The most prosperous business was during the war, when Jared Beebe gave the " Valley Mill," 
as he called it, the credit of laying the foundation of his fortune. This manufacturing plant was twice burned down. 
Otis Skeele had a shoe shop in what is now the double tenement house, this being joined at its eastern corner to the 
western corner with the other part of the house, which was then used as a hotel. 

The river, besides its fishing interests, was utilized for freighting by the Valley Company and another corpora- 
tion organized among the farmers of the western side of the river. At one time Mr. John Mulligan of the C. R. R. R. 
and Mr. Horace Wright worked on the same boat. 

The post ofifice was removed from Chicopee street in the thirties. As Chicopee Centre had become a manufac- 
turing place it was established there. Mr. Sylvester .Allen was the first postmaster, followed by Clossen Pendleton, 
Paschal J. Newell, O. C. Towne, and the present incumbent, Michael Fitzgerald, has served for a number of years. 

The first boat landing was built in 1751. This was for the accommodation of freight boats, and was 
succeeded by another built in 1S12. The South Ferry was established in 1812 or 1813, and then commenced the 
effort of carrying the bridging of the river to the lower location, the first attempt to get a bridge across to the 
Holyoke side being made in 1857. 

When the first anti-slavery vote was cast at the annual election, out of 16, possibly 17, votes cast, Mr. Sylvester 
Allen was one and Mr. Newton Day another, who in 1848 moved here from Holyoke, who cast abolition votes. Dur- 
ing the exciting days that attended the Fugitive Slave bill, Mr. Otis Skeele's house was a station on the underground 
railroad to freedom and Canada. Large delegations were sent to settle Kansas in the Free State issue, and a good 
complement went to the civil war. The Ladies' Aid also did good service. 

75 



Ever since the days of Horatius, bridges, their location and possession, have called forth heroic efforts and 
gallant defense. The proportion in favor of the Willimansett bridge in its present site, and those opposed to it, 
occupied very much the same relation to each other as did Horatius, his immortal three and the opposing force. The 
fight was long and earnest, and the right won, as proved by the great usefulness of the bridge where it stands, a thing 
of beauty and utility. The greatest success possible is the increasing benefit of the project or idea as shown in the 
light of the future, and the \Villimansett bridge, though young, has existed long enough to attain the distinction of 
having others see it from its projectors' standpoint. 

Early in the contest a bridge association was formed with Deacon J. B. Stratton as president, and this office 
proved to be no ornamental one, for the president w^as always one of the most active workers, and to him is the 
building of the bridge largely due. 

January 14, 1886, the first subscription of S400, "for the purpose of furthering the object of a bridge from 
Willimansett to Holyoke," was got under way and from this time subscription lists were handed around as the needs 
of the cause called for. Since the establishment of the railroad bridge by the Connecticut R. R. R., a passenger walk 
at the side of this had been the only accommodation, and for this privilege a toll of two cents was e.xacted except on 
Sunday, when the inhabitants might attend divine service free of cost in Holyoke. 

The first agitation of moment in the Legislature was begun by Geo. D. Eldridge, then representative, and he 
proved a most devoted champion, and through his efforts the opposition, based at that time on a difference of opinion 
as to the site, was thoroughly aired. Representative John Hildreth, from Holyoke, arrayed himself on the other side 
and fought Willimansett with the energy born of personal interest. He said Holyoke could not afford it, and his 
arguments ably advanced kept the County Commissioners back when they were disposed to build. This delay was 
extended over one year. The next objection was the crossing of the spur track on the Holyoke side at Cabot street. 
Ex-Governor George D. Robinson, council for the opposition, placed an injunction on the building until it could be 
proven that it was allowable to cross the track at that point. The Railroad Commissioners then decided that they 
could not nullify an act of the Legislature and ]')re-\ent its crossing. The next representative was Eugene O'Neil, of 
Chicopee, who espoused the bridge cause with such effective earnestness and worked so efficiently, that his name is 
mentioned with gratitude and his services never forgotten by Willimansett people. He made it his particular business 
to see that the bridge was built. 

When all Holyoke and its allied powers joined in one grand effort to move the location farther south, the 

76 



conclusion of the whole matter was that the Legislature passed an act mandatory requiring the bridge to be built, and 
this gave any citizen the right to take the cause to the Supreme Court in case of further delay. I^awyer W. H. 
Brooks, of Holyoke, added to his already established reputation by his gallant protection of Willimansett's interests. 
Opposed to him and in the interests of Chicopee, were e.\-(.rovernor (George 1). Robinson, the late George iM. Stearns, 
and ex-Mayor McClench. The blows dealt out by Lawyer Brooks came straight from his powerful shoulder and told 
every time. There was no wavering, every argument at command was used and made the most of, the array of legal 
talent massed against him was beaten back and defeated. T. J. Flannagan used time, influence and money very 
generously both in Holyoke and Boston, and his interest is gratefully recognized. All through the fight, the House 
at Boston was largely in favor of VVillimansett and the Senate was the real battle ground. 

When the act ordering the building of the bridge was passed, in the year Eldridge was representative, 
Willimansett let itself go in one grand burst of enthusiasm, and Messrs. Stratton and Eldridge were placed in a 
carriage and drawn about the hamlet by the hands of willing enthusiasts. The completion of the bridge in 1893 
was grandly celebrated, a part of the grand time being a lawn party at the hospitable home of H. M. Senior. Among 
the many interesting events of that evening was this speech given by J. B. Stratton : 

Felloiv Citizens^ Ladies am/ Genllenien : 

The bridge between the cities of Holyoke and Chicopee at our beautiful village is now substantially completed. 
The announcement may seem superfluous to most of us who have been crossing and re-crossing at "our own sweet 
will" for two weeks or more, or to a larger number who have witnessed the progress of the work from the beginning 
to its completion at the present time. 

The bridge has found a quiet resting place ; no more, like Noah's do\e, it " flits between rough seas and 
stormy skies," but safely anchored, it takes an honorable place among the family of bridges up and down the beautiful 
Connecticut river, well able to bear all the proper burdens and responsibilities of the new relation. 

We recall the fact, somewhat reluctantly, that there did e.xist some difference of opinion on the question of a 
bridge at this place —not really about the need of another bridge near this point — and also some little difference about 
the time when it should be built. LTnlooked for delays settled the time (juestion for all, and the bridge, materialized, 
proves it not an untimely birth, nor in the wrong place. 

If time allowed we would speak more fully of matters of interest pertaining to the history of this famous " Willi- 

77 



mansett bridge question," but we forbear. This is not like a camp fire, where the soldier lives over again in vision the 
times that " tried men's souls," and meets again, as it were, in deadly encounter (metaphorically) on the field of strife. 
Now is the time for the exercise of charity toward all and malice toward none. Yet the curious can refresh their 
memories by looking backward over the musty files of the local dailies for the past four years, and be assured that 
there was a wordy war much beyond anything occasioned by any question of like character in the past of the state, 
e.Kcept, perhaps, by that "great bore," Hoosac Tunnel. 

But peace has her victories as well as war. To-day, in the joy over the happy realization of our high hopes 
and ardent desires, we may fail to honor all to whom honor is due, but we would not omit any. Willimansett has 
borne an honorable part and her citizens are not insensible to the kindly recognition of her services. We were 
" solid " on the bridge question, but we do not lay the flattering unction to our hearts that " we got the bridge." 
Willimansett could not have succeeded alone ; but like our revolutionary fathers in their struggle for independence, 
being sure we were right we went ahead, and we, like them, were favored with allies. .\11 o\er the state we found 
strong friends and supporters who rendered very efficient and timely service. 

To such, one and all, we would say : Look at the fine structure spanning the Connecticut between Holyoke 
and Willimansett and see a beautiful monument in commemoration of your service. 

It is " the people's bridge, built for the people by the people." 

Allow me to adopt, as a fitting expression of our feelings to-night, the language of one of our own New 
I'^ngland poets : 



And as farther on we look, we say : 



Parcel and pari of all, 
We keep this festival, 
Fore-reach the good lo be. 
And share the victory. 



Ring, bells, in un-reared steeples, We feel the earth move siin-ward. 

The joy of unborn peoples. We join the great march onward, 

Sound, trumpets, far off blown. And take by faith while living. 

Our triumph is your own. (">ur free-hnld of thanksgiving. 

Chicopee street is famous as being the place where the friction match was invented by Philips, and here the 
manufacture was carried on for some years. The farms are truly New England in type and occupied by the genuine 
New Englander. Some buildings are quite old and bear the dignified marks of age. 

78 



Beulah Chapel, an offspring from the Second Baptist Church, Holyoke, was dedicated Jan. 24, 188S, and 
organized as a church in 1893 with a membership of 57. Though the first Baptist church in Willimansett, Beulah is 
the second of that denomination in Chicopee. The first was organized in Chicopee Falls, and being most convenient 
for all the Baptists of South Hadley Falls and Willimansett, they first met in the schoolhouse then standing in Prospect 
street and then completed the beginning of the new church. Deacon J. B. Stratton, who has discharged the duties of 

deacon in his church at (Irafton, and later in the ^ 

Second Baptist and in Beulah, in company with 
others, conveyed the land for the chapel, and with 
his son, Homer, has ever been most active in its 
support. 

Rev. Edward Smith Ufford, pastor of Beulah 
Church, is widely known throughout this and other 
countries by his famous song, " Throw Out the Life 
Line," and when he came to Willimansett his fame 
rested on the remarkable success of that composition. 
Since then, his bicycle sermons have attracted much 
attention and have been criticised and commended. 
To those privileged to know Mr. Ufford intimately, 
he is a valued friend and faithful pastor. His work 
as a preacher has a peculiar value, as he so readily 
adapts his line of argument to the acknowledged 
standard that " sounds which address the ear are lost 
and die in one short hour, while that which meets the 
eye lives long upon the mind," and illustrates his topics freely. His course of Sunday evening sermons for this year, 
1895-96, takes up the history of Joseph with original illustrations. 

Rev. Mr. Ufford's connecdon with Beulah Baptist Church began October i, 1893, and his stay in the little 
village of Willimansett promises to be one of the most successful of any of his pastorates. He went to Willimansett 
from Hingham, a preacher with nothing to characterize him except as the composer of " Throw Out the Life Line," a 

79 




BEULAH CHURCH. 



song extensively used by both Moody and Sankey. He was a minister whom the committee of the church thought 
they would like for his evangelical spirit and his experience in this line of religious work. While in Hingham, Mr. 
Ufford's friends sent him to London to attend the World's Sunday School Convention in 1889. There he was 
received by the lord mayor at the Mansion House, and later attended a party given by the Earl and Countess of 
Aberdeen and also a farewell breakfast at Crystal Palace. He was requested to address a Swedish Sunday school in 
Liverpool and was obliged to converse with the school through an interpreter. While in London he visited many 
places of interest and spent much time in the " slums " of the city, from which he later wrote his lecture, " Darkest 
London." He has given a number of lectures on " Darkest London" and "The Clay I'".aters, the Poor Whites and 
the Crackers of North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee," and these lectures have been illustrated with calcium lights 
In his lecture courses he has come in contact with ex-tlovernor Long of this state and Rev Dr. F. E. Clark, the 
founder of the Christian Endeavor society. 

Mr. Ufford married Miss Julie J. Ames, daughter of Mark Ames, of .Kjiijleton, Me. They have three children, 
one son and two daughters. Rev. Mr. Ufford has had newspaper experience and has worked on the Bridgeport 
Standard and New Haven papers as a compositor and has contributed to the Maine papers. His sister, Frances E. 
L'fford, is connected with a school in North Carolina. To his wife's help he attributes much of his success in his 
chosen calling. 

Orange Chapin Towne, an active citizen of Willimansett, is a native of Belchertown, and was born March 20, 
1823. He is the son of Jonathan and Delia (Rumrill) Towne. His first ancestor in America was William Towne, 
who was born in England in i6oc, emigrated to this country in 1664, came to Salem and later moved to Topsfield. 
(.)ne of his sons, Jacob, of Topsfield, was born in England in 1633, married Catherin Symonds in 1704. 'Lheir son 
John was born in 1658, married and reared a family of ten children. He died in Oxford, Mass., in 1740 at the 
advanced age of 82 years. Llis son Israel was born in 1684, settled in Oxford, Mass , in 1712 and died in 1771, aged 
87 years, and had ten children. His son Israel, the great-grandfather of O. C. Towne, was born in 1728. .At the 
age of 22, he purchased a farm in Belchertown upon which he settled, being one of the first to make his home in that 
section. He died in 1805, 78 years old, having had a family of ten children. ( ). Chapin Towne was adopted into 
the family of Orange Chapin at 23 years. He married Miss Eugenia Sophia Tenney, of Gill, and has two children. 
Miss Florence E. and Frederick M., the latter representing the firm of F. l!redt & Co., of N. Y. Mr. Towne became 
station agent soon after his marriage, and in his time the method of taking freight from the cotton mills on the Holyoke 

80 



o 

33 
> 

Z 

o 
m 

O 

I 
> 



Z 

m 




side of the river was to board a freight train, load up the car and trust to the grade to bring it back again to the 
Willimansett side. Mr. Tovvne remembers the various stages of the growth of Holyoke, having seen the remarkable 
progress since its beginning. His home on the Main street of Willimansett is a truly hospitable place, delightful to 
visit, for the ladies of the family vie with each other in making the chance visitor welcome. Frederick Towne married 
Miss Amy Howard of Chicopee and has one daughter, and by reason of his descent from early settlers is eligible for 
membership in distinguished societies made up of descendants of famous Revolutionary heroes. The Towne family 
is one of the best known and influential in Willimansett. 

Quartus ludd Smith, a civil engineer and general farmer of Chicopee, was born at South Hadley Falls .^iiril i, 
1828. His father, Luther Smith, was born in the same town, of which his grandfather was, so far as is known, a 
lifelong resident, following agriculture as a vocation. Luther Smith resided with his parents and assisted in the farm 
duties until after his marriage, when he purchased a farm located in the northern part of Chicopee, which he con- 
ducted during the remainder of his life. He died at tlie age of 65 years. Lhe maiden name of his wife, the mother 
of Quartus J. Smith, was Susan Rumrill. She was a native of South Hadley, and daughter of A.sa and Rhoda Rumrill. 
Mrs. Susan R. Smith died at the age of 77 years, having reared four children, viz., Quartus J., Luther, Delia and 
George. Quartus [udd Smith made the best of his opportunities in boyhood while acquiring an education, and at 
the age of 20 years commenced the study of civil engineering in a practical manner with Deacon Orange Chapin, 
under whose instructions he obtained a thorough knowledge of the art of surveying, and whom he shortly succeeded 
as the recognized civil engineer of these parts. At the death of his father he became the owner of the homestead, 
and later purchased the Wright farm adjoining it, a portion of which he divided into house lots and sold to good ad- 
vantage. His home farm consists of 40 acres, and he also owns 5 i acres on the plains near by and 20 acres at Fair- 
view, where he is building a house. In 1S69 he was united in marriage to Miss Irene L. Atkins, who was born at 
Holyoke Aug. 1 1, 1840. She was the daughter of Reuben Atkins. 'Lheir union has been blessed with three children, 
as follows : Anna V., wile of Frederick Kidder, Homer F. and Ceorge E. .^ fourth, Frank, died in infancy. Mrs. 
Smith is one of the constituent members of Beulah I'japtist Church. Mr. Smith is known as a thorough, reliable and 
expert surveyor, having been for years quite extensively engaged in that line. Being a constant reader, he is well 
posted on general subjects, as well as the various important issues of the day. A ]wrtrait of this intelligent and pro- 
gressive citizen accompanies these meager notes of a life of useful, manly toil and untiring activity of hand and 
brain. 

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MODERN CHICOPEE. 

q-Jr PLACE of so much enterprise and thrift could not long remain an iuMgn^cant part of another town It must 
A have a separate existence, and "CabotvUle" and " b'actory Village" were merged into the town of Chicopee^ 
Of ourse this ch'ange could not be made without some strong arguments for and against. On the -^e opposed ^o 1 1 
dismemberment of the old town as a whole were very decided sentiments expressed. A meeting was called m Cabot 
Han on the 17th day of May, 1S48, at 1 o'clock p. m. Rev. Crawford Nightingale offered prayer, limothy U. 
Carter was chosen moderator, and William I.. Bemis clerk. 

Mr Carter made the decisive ad.lress which soothed in a measure the feelings of the opponents to the estab- 
lishment of a new town. His topic was the duties of the residents under the new regime, the act incorporating the 
town havin- been passed April 25, 1848. In fact he said : " We are now invested with powers and duties which as 
ood t ns : a bonnd'to exe'rcise for the good of the whole. Shall we not enter upon these duties regardless o 
Sst differences of opinion, with a determination that the new town of Chicopee shall sustain as high a character fo 
otd overnment, order, and respectability as the distinguished town of which she has '-etofore formed a par P 
tve commence a career among our sister towns not a feeble organization first struggling into being, b"t at once en 
dowed with all the elements of vigor and maturity, with a population and valuation second to but one within the limi s 
of the four western counties of this Commonwealth. In the exercise of strict economy m all our ^"M-- ^^^^ ^^ 
fullv reaardin. the rights of those who are to contribute to the government and the various interests of the town, v^e 
S b^ ei bl^ed to p ovide amply for the public convenience and all needful improvements, and bestow upon the poor 
ha as iSnce to which by their misfortunes they are entitled at our hands; and, above all, liberally to endow th 
h d : r outh with such means of education and moral improvement as shall accord with the advancing spir 
of the age. From this time forward our destiny, under God, is in our own hands, and praise or disgrace will b oui. 
a we shlll discharge or neglect the duties we owe to the present and the future. Let us then step forth upon this new 
heltreof action with high purposes of good toward ourselves and of benefit and ^le-ings toward those who shal 
succeed us, that, when 1.13 centuries of our history shall be written .ve may have proved a worthv descendant of our 

distinguished ancestor." u^u^^t „;, • ^p1p^t- 

At this meeting five selectmen, three assessors, and three school committeemen were chosen by ballot, viz . belect 

85 




MAIN ENTRANCE TO CITY HALL 
66 



men, Sylvanus Adams, Harmon Rowley, Ezekiel Blake, Amos W. Stockwell, Adolphus G. Parker ; assessors, Sylvester 
Allen, Amaziah Bullens, Harmon Rowley ; school committee. Rev. Jonah G. Warren, Rev. Eli B. Clark, Rev. Robert 
Kellen. By the town regulations adopted in 1S49 the selectmen, school committee, overseers of the poor, surveyors 
of highways and treasurer are required to make reports which are annually published. 

The schools early earned and ever afterward creditably sustained an enviable reputation for thoroughness and 
liberality in the administration of their affairs. 
The first indebtedness of the town was created 
in 1849, when a farm was purchased and an 
almshouse erected, amounting to §5,061. 72. 
This farm was sold in 1S60. In 1877 §15,000 
were appropriated by the town for the juir- 
chase of land and the erection of buildings 
thereon suitable for an almshouse. J. R Wil- 
bur, Madison Kendall, William H. West, John 
Dixon and William R. Kentfield were made a 
committee to effect the objects of the appro- 
priation. Their report shows that 18 acres 
and 9 square rods of land a half-mile south- 
west from Chicopee Falls, were the same year 
purchased of the heirs of R. E. Bemis, 
deceased, for §2,708.67, and that a brick 
house was erected thereon, 60x38 feet with 
two L's 21x18 at a cost of §7,860, besides 
other structures costing §1,504. The remain- 
der was expended in obtaining water supply, furniture, farm stock, etc. 
the duties of former overseers of the poor. The house was opened Oct 
persons were admitted. 

The important work of erecting a town hall was started in 187 i 

87 




THE VILLAGE, NORTH OF THE RIVER. 



Since 1876 the selectmen have performed 
I, 1877, and in the five months following 41 

This building, standing on the east side of 




FRONT STREET, LOOKING TOWARDS BLAISDELL'S CORNER. 

8S 



Market square, is an imposing structure of brick with stone trimmings having a recessed entrance, at each end of 

which is a memorial tablet of bronze, set in relief work of Ciothic form, and bearing the Rebellion's necrology of 

Chicopee's gallant soldiery. The picturesque feature of the building is the tower, which forms a land mark up and 

down the river. In this 

tower hangs a great bell, ~i»». 1 

used on public occasions 

and for fire alarm. 

Custom still prevails 
of ringing a nine-o'clock 
bell, which is undoubtedly a 
survival of the curfew. The 
steps leading to the main 
entrance are imposing and 
form a fitting approach to 
the main door. The build- 
ing is used for city offices 
and the police department 
is located in the basement. 
The hall, handsomely fres- 
coed and having stained 
glass windows, has a seat- 
ing capacity of 900 persons. 
The building committee was 
made up of the following 
gentlemen : James T. .\mes, 

E. O. Carter, Erastus Steb- """ "°"^"' ''""'°''^<' street. 

bins, Ezekiel Blake, Emerson Gaylord. The total cost, including land and furniture, was Sioi, 
depends for picturesque effect on the tower, which is a noticeable feature for miles around. 

89 




;6o.38. The building 




ALONG THE ICHICOPEE. 



The Ladies' Soldiers' Aid Society was instrumental in erecting the tablets to the memory of the soldiers, as this 
document will show ; 

At a meeting of the Ladies' Soldiers' Aid Society of Chicopee, held Oct. 15, 1865, it was voted to give thirteen 
hundred dollars toward the erection of a suitable monument to the memory of those soldiers belonging to the town 
who have fallen in defence of our national liberties. Mrs. James T. Ames, Mrs. Simon G. Southworth and Mrs. George 
M. Stearns were appointed a committee to see that the money was appropriated for that purpose. At a meeting of 
this committee the following gentlemen, Mr. James T. Ames, Mr. Cory McFarland and Mr. Emerson Gaylord, were 
invited to take charge of the money and adopt such measures as they may deem expedient to carry out the plan, 
hoping it may be dedicated the fourth of |uly, 1S66. Ellen H. Ames, \ 

Sarah L. Southworth, > Committee. 

Emily C. Stearns, j 

The money was used for the memorial tablets, and the dedication took place Dec. 21, 187 r, under the charge 
of the G. A. R. 

Though Chicopee boasts of no newspaper at present, there have been energetic laborers in the field in former 
years. The first newspaper published within the limits of Chicopee was issued in January, 1840, by Thomas D. Blos- 
som, who came from Hingham, Mass. He was assisted by Rev. A. .\. Folsom. The paper was called the Cahotvil/e 
Chronicle and Chicopee Falls Advertiser. Messrs. John L. Hall and ( ). IJutterfield took the office under a lease from 
Mr. Blossom and continued in business but a few months, but long enough to change the name of the paper to Me- 
chanics' Offering. Mr. Blossom then gathered up the reins of government again and sustained it under the new name 
until the spring of 1846, when it went into a rapid decline owing to a withdrawal of patronage consequent upon the 
publication of certain offensive articles, among which was tiie " Mysteries of Cabotville." The Mechanics' Off^ering 
then appeared with Harvey E. Bowles as publisher and James M. Cavanaugh as editor. In August of the same year 
Harvey Russell, Amos W. Stockwell, and Mr. Cavanaugh purchased the paper, and in the second week of the Septem- 
ber following issued the initial sheet of the Cabotville Mirror. Stockwell and Cavanaugh, the editors, made it a 
Democratic organ. Bad luck came to the ])aper Jan. 8, 1848, when the establishment was destroyed by fire. With 
some assistance, publication was resumed the first of the March following. In November, 1849, the subscription list 
was transferred to the Springfield Sentinel, which issued it under the head of Chicopee yI/;/w/- until Feb. 2, 1850. 

91 



The Chicopee Telegraph, a weekly paper, was first issued on Wednesday, Feb. ii, 1846, by J. C. Stover & Co. 
in Cabotville. It was devoted to agriculture. It ceased May 25, 1853. A newspaper, 18x24 inches, was issued 
Saturday, June 4, 1853, called the Chicopee Weekly Jourttal. This had a medallion of the village in the head. J. R. 
Childs, who had assumed the management of the Telegraph on the first day of May preceding its discontinuance, was 
editor and publisher of the new paper. It contained local, but not general news and selected matter, and was Whig 

in its sentiments. The second volume was narrowed one column per page and 
appeared as the Weekly Jaurnal, dropping Chicopee from its title. July 15, 1S54, 
David B. Potts became proprietor and James C. Pratt editor. William G. Brown 
followed Mr. Pratt as editor .-Xi^ril rg, 1S56, and then Mr. J. C. Havens, who became 
a well-known figure in the life of the place, bought the paper and admitted Mr Pratt 
as partner. They continued the publication for two years, when George V. ^Vheelock 
was admitted. March 12, 1859, Mr. Brown sold his interest to J. C. Havens. 
Havens iS; Wheelock sustained the paper until Dec. 27, 1862, when it was discon- 
tinued with No. 30, Vol. XVHI , which contained, among other valedictory words, 
these : 

" We are not dead yet, it is true, or quite reduced to the starving point, and 

hut fur the jjapermakers' exorbitant demands we should continue to dispense 

' blessings ' to this community every week and, mark it \ but for the scarcity of 

advertisements we should never have allowed a ' break ' in the chain of publication." 

Mr. Wheelock has since continued in the job jsrinting business, and has been 

for years chief librarian of the Chicopee Library. Mr. Havens, distinguished as 

being the last of the line of Chicopee editors up to the present date, had a 

J. c. H4VENS. remarkable facility in expressing himself, as these sentences, which are taken from 

one of his editorials, will sufficiently show : 

"The harvest of flowers, what shall we say of that? It seems as though it had culminated in the mass of fra- 
grant gems, each one a rival of the other, which, formed with cunning hands into a magnificent pyramid, comes 
blushing with a thousand charms from the hands of Mrs. Dexter Snow to our table. Every petal is redolent with 
perfume, and the whole mass would be a fitting ornament for a center table in Heaven." 




92 



Mr. Havens' great liking for flowers made him specially favored in the distribution of these favors. Among 
other positions of responsibility, Mr. Havens acted as postmaster, and finally moved to a milder climate, hoping to 
benefit his failing health. The change only delayed the inevitable result, and he died while yet in his prime. 

The old Philharmonic Society was one of the musical powers of the dav in war times, and had enjoyed a suc- 
cessful career long before that time. " We 
don't hear such music now," say some of the 
older inhabitants The members sang with 
spirit and enthusiasm, particularly when their 
united energies took up the old war and cam- 
paign songs. .At first, ladies formed part of 
the membership, but later the club was com- 
posed of men, and these are their names, as 
the wife of one of the members remembers 
them : l'".zra Heath, leader, George D. Robin- 
son, Dexter Snow, Harrison Seaman, Melzer 
Mossman, John \Vhite, William and Charles 
Blackmer, \\'illiam Heathcote, James Pease, 
Gannett. 

The Chicopee schools ha^■e always 
maintained the high standard which their 
early days promised. There are now in the 
complete list of schools, the high school, 
Center grammar, .School street. Spruce street. 
Grape street, Church street, .Mvord school, 
Sheridan street, Willimansett, Chicopee street, Plainville, Llough district. The teachers are : William C. Whiting, 
Emma L. Mitchell, Mary B. Raynor, Fannie .A. Ober, .\deline E. Howard, Mary 1). Chapin, Lucia A. Coleman, Jennie 
E. Livermore, Rosa \]. Burns, Fannie E. Burgess, Geneva M. Tracy, Ida J. Rich, Mary G. Walsh, Nellie S. Harrison, 
Mary E. Buttrick Harriet C. Uuttrick, Susie B. Bartlett, Emma P.. Houston, Alice K. Thomas, Lucy A. James, Georgie 




5KIP" HOME. 



93 



F. Drake, Florence M. Crowther, Carrie L. Warner, Rosa A. Trumbull, Emma E. Gorton, Mamie T. Leary, Jessie 
M. Rycroft, Florence E. Noyes, Florence M. Clark, Effie H. Southwick, Sarah F. Connor, Anna E. Barry, Mary E. 
Sullivan, Ellen E. Dooley, Mildred M. Kelley, Margaret A. O'Brien, Edna S. Herrick, Bridget E. Hannifen, Emma 
B. Gilligan, Annie L. Mc()ueen. Special teachers, Michael J. Sullivan, music ; Anna P. Brown, writing and drawing. 

In the death of R. Hamilton Perkins, the schools lost a devoted friend and valuable promoter. Mr. Perkins' 
attainments are too familiar to need recapitulation, he was brilliant, systematic and a thorough-going worker. In his 
last report he says : "In connection with the opening of the Alvord school it is fitting to speak of the presentation of 
a handsome flag hy Mrs. .Alvord, wife of the late Dr. .Alvord, for whom the school was named. 

"The presentation took place on the 21st day of June and the event was celebrated with most appropriate e.x- 
ercises. The superintendent of schools iiresided, James H. Loomis, Esq., made the presentation address on behalf 
of Mrs. .Ahord and Mayor Mellin in an appropriate address accepted the flag for the school and city. Interesting re- 
marks were made by ex-Mayor Taylor and L. M. Pierce, a former principal of the Falls high school. In conclusion, 
gentlemen, let me thank you, collectively and individually, for the courtesies e.xtended me during the year. In sea- 
sons of sunshine or of shadow and seasons of certainty or of doubt you ha\e always treated me, in your deliberations, 
with that courtesy which is ever due from man to man, and for which I thank vou. 

"And in this connection I cannot forbear to add a word of tribute to James H. Loomis, Esq., who retires from 
this board to-night after a service of nearly twelve years, during the most of which time he has served as chairman ; 
— ever interested, faithful and energetic, he has devoted much time to the interest of the schools ; the citizens of 
Chicopee may well be grateful to him for many of the im])ortant details in the construction of the high and .Alvord 
schools for which he planned and insisted." 

It is interesting to note that Mr. Loomis was chosen to fill Sujierintendent Perkins' place while the city was 
without a superintendent of schools. 

The total number in attendance in the day schools last year was 2,159 ■ of these 1,0.89 "'ce males and 1,070 
females During the year the population decreased to a small e.xtent, but the daily attendance was increased liy 31 
pupils. In the evening schools there were in both divisions, the Center and the Falls, 348 pupils. 

The total expenditures of the schools inclusive of repairs on buildings, has been §30,582.42 ; the total en- 
rollment of pupils in day, evening and draughting schools has been 2,588, making an expense oi $1 1.40 for each 
pupil enrolled, or ninety cents greater than for last year. The average daily attendance in all the schools has been 

94 



i.ySo pupils, and on this basis the expense for each pupil has been S16.65, or an increase of eighty-eight cents over 
last year for each pupil. 

There were graduated from the high school last June fourteen pupils. The class poem by Miss (Jertrude De 
Witt was so creditable that it is reproduced here : 

CLASS POEM. 
Our harbor we're leaving: each sail we unfurl: Our ways may all differ o'er seas still untried: 

Bright hopes for tile future within us abide, In the sunlight these sails on the billows will sport : 

That escaping the reefs where the white billows curl, In mists o! the ocean the others will ride; 

Our bark o'er life's ocean in safety may glide. The voyage howe'er varied at last leads to port. 

In the sunlight, the mists and the storms of the main, 

May we sail all securely, outriding each gale: 
Completing our voyage, on our records no stain, 

\\'e shall re.^ch that fair Haven where peace will prevail. 

The first city government was inaugurated January i, 1S90, the town having long passed the limits required by 
law when it is entitled to the rights of a full fledged city. The popularity and acknowledged worth of George S. Taylor 
were shown in the general expression of a desire to make him mayor, and the election was an enthusiastic one. 

The city at present is divided into seven wards, though the e.\tent of surrounding country opens up all sorts of 
possibilities. Chicopee has room enough to grow in and will doubtless improve her chances. 

George S. Taylor, Chicopee's first mayor, well deserved the distinction, for his Hfe has been spent in one 
incessant effort to benefit his town. Whatever was for the good of Chicopee, that cause Mr. Taylor has always given 
himself up to, and when the ambitious town became a city, his was the first hand which guided its affairs. During 
his administration of public affairs great unity between both boards and the executive prevailed, and affairs moved 
along with great smoothness. 

George Sylvester Taylor, son of Sylvester and Sarah Eaton Taylor, was born in South Hadley, March 2, 1822. 
With his parents he came to Chicopee Falls when only six years of age. He attended the Chicopee and Springfield 
schools and laid the foundation for his successful business career. He entered upon business life with Mr. Shockford 
under the firm name of Shockford & Taylor, continuing in this business nineteen years and then formed a co- 
partnership with Bildad B. Belcher in the manufacture of agricultural implements at the " Falls." In 1864, the firm 
was changed into a corporation, with Mr. Taylor treasurer, and Mr. Belcher agent. In 1868 the latter resigned and, at 

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that time, Mr. Taylor took an additional office as agent and treasurer. The corporation has always been noted for its 
honorable dealings and the high character of the men connected with it. At present Mr. Taylor is president of the 
Chicopee Falls Savings Bank, also of the Chicopee Falls Building Company, whose praiseworthy purpose is " to aid a 
good class of citizens to procure homes by small payments and fair interest." This company is under the auspices of 
.\ndrew Gale, James E. Taylor, Austin C). Grant and Joshua Stevens, who are its directors, with George S. Taylor as 
president and F. N. Withrell clerk, all men of known ability and wide influence, and accustomed to succeed in their 
undertakings. .At the time of the Civil War, Mr. Taylor was in the Legislature, a member of the Senate, and in his 
busy life has served his town as selectman, assessor, special justice of police court, representative, mayor, and has 
given time and influence to the establishment of a board of trade, is president of it and the V. M. C. A. at the " Falls," 
has acted as superintendent of the First Congregational Sunday School for twenty-five years, and has been very active 
in church as well as secular matters. He is also a member of Belcher Lodge, A. F. and A. M., LInity Chapter, of 
Chicopee, and Springfield Commandery, in short, is in everything which helps Chicopee. Mr. 'I'aylor married Miss 
.Asenath B. Cobb, of Princeton, November 25, 1845, and in November, 1S95, celebrated his golden wedding under 
the most delightful conditions. The pleasant home was thronged with people who came to offer their heartiest 
congratulations. 

Nearly 400 people dropped in during the day and by word and token helped to make the day one of joy. 
Men were there who had known Mr. Taylor when a boy, and women who had attended his wedding. Young men, 
whose earliest recollections gave Mr. Taylor a prominent place as their example, and whom he had seen grow and 
mature into manhood, were present and joined heartily with their elders in the congratulations. People attended who 
had a shorter acquaintance with the couple, but had learned to respect and love them. 

It was shortly after i o'clock when some si.xty-three employes in the Belcher, Taylor concern, marched up to 
the Taylor residence and were admitted. In the hand of one was a gold-headed cane, their token of love. Louis 
Osborne headed the party, and in presenting it said : " As old friends and shopmates, we have come to celebrate your 
golden wedding. We congratulate you on your long, happy, prosperous and fruitful married life, and as members with 
you of one common fatherhood and one common brotherhood, as citizens of this new-born city of Chicopee, as old 
friends and old neighbors and old shopmates, we have come to present you a token of our love and respect, and with 
this token of our love we ask you to accept our very best wishes, and we pray that the same kind hand that has led 
you in the past and is so abundantly blessing you in the present, may continue to lead you." Many other valuable 

97 




EX-GOVERNOR GEORGE D, ROBINSON 



,2:ifts were received and numerous telegrams and letters from 
different parts of the country came replete with congratulatory 
words. 

Ex-(;overnor George Dexter Robinson, whose influence 
has been a power outside the city where he makes his home, is 
a member of one of the oldest families in the state, the records 
showing his ancestors prominent in the history of Lexington, 
and his relatives jiarticipated in the Lexington Common fight, 
A]:>ril 19, 1775- His mother, ^trs. Mary Davis-Robinson, is of 
the L)avis and Hosmer families of Concord and Acton, many 
of whose members fought for liberty at Concord, (leorge D. 
Robinson is a native of Lexington, was born there January 20, 
1834. The Robinson home was on a farm somewhat remote 
from neighbors and the two brothers, George D. and Charles, 
Ir., attended the district school. .'\t the age of sixteen George 
entered the Lexington Academy, and after one year's study he 
commenced a course at the Hopkins Classical School at Cam- 
bridge, the design of his father being to give him a thorough 
education without special reference to a collegiate course. 
I'he rapid progress of the young man induced the principal to 
advise his father to send him to Harvard College, and in July, 
1S5J, he passed a highly creditable examination, entering 
without conditions, the only member of a large class who 
passed so well. Mr. Robinson also took high rank in college, 
standing first in a class of ninety-two members. During the 
winters of his junior and senior years he taught school in 
Lexington, and September 20, 1856, assumed the principalship 
of the Chicopee High School, a circumstance which has always 

98 




RESIDENCE OF EX-GOVERNOR ROBINSON. 

99 



been regarded as particularly happy by his pupils. The school averaged 125 members, and Mr. Robinson resigned 
his duties after a most successful service in 1865, to commence the study of law in the Charlestown office of his brother, 
and after eleven months' study was admittetl to the bar at Cambridge, April i, 1S66. He returned to Chicopee and 
entered upon a career in the courts which has made his name widely known and his legal abilities respected. 

The Republican side in politics has always had Mr. Robinson for a stanch supporter. He was in the 
Massachusetts Legislature in 1874 as a member of the House of Representatives, serving on the judiciary committee. 
In 1S76 he was a member of the State Senate, serving as chairman of the committee of the judiciary, probate and 
chancery and constitutional amendments. In 1876 he was elected representative to the Forty-fifth Congress of the 
U. S. from the Kleventh District to succeed Hon. Chester W. Chapin, and in that body was assigned to the committee 
on the improvement of the Mississippi river and the committee of expenditures in the department of justice. In the 
fall of 1878, Mr. Robinson was re-elected to Congress and in 1883 was elected governor of Massachusetts. 

Mr. Robinson has e\er been most active in advancing the interests of his town and city and receives the 
greatest honor, love and respect in the place where he is best known. He is a Unitarian and has ever been active 
and thorough in promoting the interests of his church. 

George M. Stearns, Chicopee has been proud to call her own, and so share in a large measure in the pride 
Western Massachusetts has felt in her justly celebrated lawyer, strong at all points, who has been a notable figure in 
all the court rooms of the four western counties for many years. His death on the last day of 1894 cast a gloom 
wherever his presence had been felt and a deep sadness among his intimate associates. The Stearns family had 
removed to Brookline, hoping to find conditions more conducive to good health and rest. Mr. Stearns succumbed to 
a severe attack of congestion of the lungs and the end came unexpectedly to his Chicopee friends, who were waiting 
for good news from him. 

Mr, Stearns was born at Rowe on the i8th of .\pril, 1831. His father was the minister of the Unitarian parish 
of that town, and Cieorge was the typical minister's son. He had a bright mind and made his way quickly through 
the schools at Rowe, and finished his education at the Shelburne Falls .Academy. He taught school for a while and 
then came to Chicopee about 1849 'o enter the office of John Wells, afterward judge of the Supreme Court of 
Massachusetts, to study law. He was admitted to the bar in .April, 1852, and immediately began practice as a partner 
of Judge Wells. This partnership continued for several years, until the judge removed his office to Springfield. Some 
years later Mr. Stearns himself opened an office in Springfield with the late E. D. Beach, who was his partner for 

100 



some time, as have also been since Judge Marcus P. Knowlton 
and Charles I,. Long. In 1878 Mr. Stearns removed to Chic- 
opee again, where he had his office until his recent removal 
to Brookline. 

Of his home life in Chicopee it is only necessary to 
say now that since his marriage in 1855 to Emily C. Good- 
now it has been almost an ideal one. Two children were 
born to ^Ir. and Mrs. Stearns, Mary C, who married Frank 
E. Tuttle and died some years ago, and Emily S , who died at 
the age of twelve. 

Mr. Stearns had always been a public man, but had 
held but few public offices, refusing over and over again 
nominations to Congress, which were almost equivalent to an 
election, and several times declining to be his party's candi- 
date for governor. He was always a Democrat, and was 
elected by that party to the House of Representatives in 
1859, and was a member of the committee which revised the 
Public Statutes in i860. In 1871 he was in the Senate. In 
1872 he was elected district attorney for the Western District, 
but resigned at the end of two years. The same year he was 
a delegate to the National Democratic Convention at Cincin- 
nati and favored the nomination of Horace Greeley, and has 
been repeatedly a delegate to National Conventions since. In 
1886 he was appointed United States attorney at Boston, but 
resigned the position in less than two years. He was a can- 
didate for lieutenant-governor on the Democratic ticket with 
John Quincy Adams, and later, when the 1 )emocrats nominated 
Charles Sumner, was nominated lieutenant-governor with him 




GEORGE M. STEARNS. 



also, but on Sumner's refusal Mr. Stearns followed his example. Mr. Stearns' counsel in political matters has been 
frequently sought by party leaders and men of position and influence, and always most highly valued. It is well 
known that few men in the country were more cordially welcomed at the White House than he. He was a shrewd 
observer, a careful student and an accurate judge of men and events. He had few axes to grind, and his advice on 
public matters, when given, was given with the public good as its object, and so was valuable and influential. 

His standing as a lawyer is well established and acknowledged in this community. He was easily at the head 
of our local bar, and almost equal to the oldest members in length of practice. His practice was most extensive, 
covering all branches of the law and taking him into the highest courts of the country. 

The wit of George M. Stearns was well known and clistincti\e, like his methods, it was all his own. With all 
his shrewdness he was great enough to have a tender, sympathetic side, and this was as pronounced to those who knew 
him well as his other qualities. He was truly one of Chicopee's great men, and his former home on Springfield 
street will always be associated with pleasantest memories of his life and service. 

Ethan Samuel Chapin was born in Somers, Conn., in 1814, a direct descendant of Deacon Samuel Chapin, 
one of the earliest settlers of Springfield. His school days practically ended at 9 years of age. Pearly in his teens he 
came to Cabotville to begin the battle of life for himself, and learned the habits of patience, industry, economy and 
self-reliance, which made him a strong man. 

While working for the Ames Manufacturing Company he developed a wonderful genius for machinery, and 
made many inventions. His services as designer and executor of ornamentations for swords and scabbards and gun 
and pistol handles were highly prized. Two books on philosophy and chemistry fell into his hands at this time and 
became the foundation of all his future studies. He kept them near him while at his work. .At less than 19 years of 
age he was made overseer, and when he left was considered the most skillful workman in the establishment. .A 
brother, Marion Chapin, purchased the Cabot, now the Kendall House, and for seven years E^than was his assistant. 
In 1S43 they moved to S|iringfield ami started the well-known Massasoit House, famous throughout the country. 
During the war the Chapin brothers were loyal citizens, and always served refreshments and a royal welcome to 
regiments passing through the city. Mr. Chapin was connected with the " underground railway," and concealed and 
cared for parties of slaves on their way to Canada before the war broke out. He contributed liberally to the City 
Library, French Protestant Church, School for Christian Work and Springfield Hospital, besides founding a home in 
India for girls and widows as a memorial to his daughter Alice. With J. G. Holland and G. M. Atwater he was a 



founder of Memorial Church, and for 20 years a pillar of it. 
He was an earnest Christian and a great lover of science, pub- 
lishing several valuable works, perhaps the most prominent 
being "Gravitation the Determining Force." He was a true 
nobleman, and his death in 1889 was a public sorrow. 

Hon. .\lbert Charles Woodworth was born in Chicopee 
street, and when two years old went with his parents to Ohio, 
then the Far West, by way of the Erie canal. They were pio- 
neers in the state, and his father, Charles B. Woodworth, was a 
" '49er." Fifteen years later they returned to Chicopee, to 
take charge of the electroplating at the .\mes Manufacturing 
Company. In 1S65 he went to New ^'ork, and was connected 
with the Gorham Silver Company. In 1S68 he made a business 
trip to California by steamer, as the railroad was not then com- 
pleted. He went to F^urope in 1874, and on his return suc- 
ceeded his father-in-law, James T. Ames, as head of the .-\mes 
Company. Mr. Woodworth was for some time in politics, and 
received the nominations for lieutenant-governor and Con- 
gress, being elected to the Senate in 1S82. In 1S90 he went 
to Denver, Col, and there constructed the first cotton mill 
west of the Mississippi river. 

Emerson Gaylord, son of Josiah Gaylord and I.ucinda 
.Smith Gaylord, was born in South Hadley, Sept. 2, 1817. His 
father died when Emerson Gaylord was quite young — seven 
years of age— and the boy was early left to depend upon his 
own exertions. .\t the age of seventeen years he was appren- 
ticed to Seth Nyms, of Amherst, to learn the harnessmaking 
business. Finding there were many other duties required of 




A. C. WOODWORTH. 



103 



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104 



him beside his legitimate work, young Gaylord went back to 
South Hadley and began the shoemaker's trade with (leorge 
Kilbourn. He afterward purchased " his time " of Kilbourn 
for §50. The determination to succeed was characteristic of 
him from the beginning, and at the age of twenty-one he had 
saved S40, having as part of his education paid Mr. Ely $1 
per week for teaching him the art of making a first-class 
gaiter boot. In the year 1S41 Mr. Gaylord came to Chicopee 
and entered the employ of the N. P. Ames Company. His 
first work was making harness for the Texan trade, and he 
rose so rapidly that in 1S43, when the health of the foreman 
failed, Mr. Ames wished him to take charge of the shop, but 
instead of longer continuing as an employe, he contracted 
with the Ames Company for furnishing the leather goods. 
He continued in this business until January, 1856, when he 
purchased that part of the business, and added to it the 
manufacture of leather hose and machine belting. In 1S56 
he received orders from the War Department for infantry 
accoutrements, and continued filling orders for the same until 
i86r. Prior to the breaking out of the Rebellion he furnished 
first-class military accoutrements to these Southern States — 
Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi — never 
thinking of the purpose for which they would be used. (.)n 
the day when Fort Sumter fell Mr. Gaylord had a lot of goods 
for the South on hand, and on the afternoon of the same day 
received a dispatch from Colonel Thornton, commanding at 
Governor's Island, N. Y., to ship to the government all goods 
on hand and all in process of construction. Soon after, a 




DEACON J B. STRATTON, WILLIMANSETT. 
(This cut arrived too late for insertion in the proper place. _) 



105 




messenger arrived with the same request from Governor Andrews of Massachusetts. Mr. Gaylord decided to divide 
them equally between government and state, and did so. Before night of the same day a noted speculator arrived 
and offered Mr. Gaylord $5,000 more than he would otherwise have. The shrewdness of the manufacturer took it in 

at a glance. In the hands of this man they would go south, 
and Mr. Gaylord, with true patriotism, refused to sell goods 
for the benefit of the Southern States. The demand for this 
line of goods from the government now became large, and to 
fill it large buildings were immediately erected, and the work- 
ing force increased to four hundred and fifty men. In 1S61 
Mr. Gaylord contracted to furnish the government with leather 
mail bags for a term of four years. In April, 1863, Mr. Gay- 
lord organized his establishment into a stock company. In 
1866 Mr. Gaylord was a member of the Legislature, and in 
1S81 was in the Senate from Hampden county. He is a 
staunch Republican and has served his party faithfully. His 
wife was Miss Jane Burnett, of South Hadley, whom he mar- 
ried in 1844. They have one son, A. F. Gaylord. 

Dexter Snow, one of the best known and deservedly 

popular men of Chicopee, has, ever since 1855, carried on a 

successful florist's business on Grape street, where he was ably 

assisted by his wife. He was everybody's friend, respected 

and loved by all, devoted to his home, honest and kind hearted. 

One of his greatest pleasures was the distributing of flowers from 

his summer garden wherever he thought they might do good. 

His sudden death last June (1895) was a widely felt grief. 

His first success in the horticultural business was with verbenas, and really his wife was the first to grow the 

verbena well. Mr. Snow continued to grow and improve the verbena until his stock was sought by the leading florists 

of that day. The price then was one dollar a dozen for plants in two and a half inch pots, and it was with regret 

106 




DEXTER SNOW. 



that he saw it drop as the cultivation became more general No florist in New England had a more complete 
collection of ferns than Mr. Snow ; he sought not only our most rare natives, but exotics from all climes. At one 
time he did quite a business in mailing pressed fronds to all parts of the world. 

Mr. Snow was a great lover of music and sang in his church choir upwards of twenty-five years. He was also 

a Mason, and one of the oldest members of 

the Hampden County Horticultural Society 
of Springfield, having been identified with 
it over thirty years, and was a director at the 
time of his death. Mr. Snow was a native 
of North Brookfield, and he married Miss 
Alvira R. Mansfield, a native of New 
Hampshire, who, with two daughters, lives 
in Chicopee. 

The late Jerome Wells, of the First 
National Bank, was one of the leading spirits 
of his time, and had a powerful influence on 
the life of Chicopee. He bore the financial 
storms and came out successful, and has 
always been regarded as a sound and care- 
ful financier. When the Savings Bank was 
organized in 1854 he was made its president, 
and remained such until 1874. He was also 
a director and president of the old Cabot '^ 
Bank, and president of the National Bank 
on its organization in 1865 ; he was also 
interested in mercantile pursuits. Politically he was a Republican. In 186S he was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentati\es, and was chairman of the committee on banks and banking. Mrs. Georgiana L., wife of Captain Fred B. 
Doten, is his only daughter. 

107'; 




THE DEXTER SNOW PLACE. 




CHICOPEE RIVEl;, LOOKING FROM FALLS TO CENTRE. 
io8 



While one of the younger Hghts of a city which has sent out its full quota of celebrated men, and has been a 
center of intellectual and mechanical activity, there is no name in Chicopee so widely known as that of Edward 
Bellamy, whose " Looking Backward " touched a more responsive chord than even its author knew when he first 
sketched the plot and worked in the coloring with artistic skill. The success of the book has been the truest tribute 
to its value. It was the fertile seed in ground well prepared for its speedv germination. Mr. Bellamy is now working 
up a novel about which he does not say a great deal, but 
the public is anxiously waiting its appearance. At home 
Mr. Bellamy is surrounded by a charming family, and 
his house, just off the electric car route in Chicopee 
F"alls, is a modest, two-story modern structure, shaded 
by handsome maple trees. Mr. Bellamy's first literary 
work was in the form of short stories, a number of 
which were published before he was out of his teens. 
Some of these are to be found in the files of Scribner''s 
Monthly, back in the seventies, when it was edited by 
Dr. Holland. He spent two winters in New York doing 
outside work for the Evening Post, but at the age of 
twenty-one accepted a position on the Springfield Union. 
l^receding "Looking Backward" by two or three years, 
he published a successful novel, entitled " Miss Luding- 
ton's Sister," which won the attention and high praise 
of such a critic as W. I). Howells. His publishers had 
for some time been asking him for a new book, when the 




■ Looking Backward 



EDWARD BELLAMY. 

' manuscript was finished, and it was 



at once put on the market. Its sales in this country have run up to over 400,000, and abroad about half a million 
copies have been sold in Germany alone. 

The discovery of Veranus and its opening for residence purposes are to be accredited to F. E. Tuttle and J. 
L. Humphrey, two wide-awake and enterprising citizens, who purchased a fifty-acre farm originally owned by Veranus 
Chapin, one of the pioneer Chicopee farmers, lying between Springfield and Hampden streets. For the past few 



109 







RESIDENCE OF F E. TUTTLE. 
I lO 




MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 



years they have been assiduously improving it by grading, filling and building a\enues and dwellings thereon, until it 
has now come into prominence as one of the most delightful and desirable localities for suburban residence in 
Hampden county. Here, among other natural attractions, is afforded one of the finest views in the state ; while in 
the laying out of avenues and building plots, though certain restrictions are adhered to, the rigidity of straight lines is 
avoided, so far as they may conflict with the prospect and the desires of those purchasing homes. Thus, in the con- 
struction of Stearns terrace, which enters the grounds near their northern extremity, on Springfield street, and on 

which several homes are already built and occupied, a serpentine route is pursued 
towards the southwest, affording a number of fine residence sites that cannot fail 
to please the most fastidious home seeker. Ihe avenue finally finds its way to the 
wildest and most romantic portions of the plateau. Everywhere the prospect is 
varied by the happy mingling of numerous elevations, groves, ravines and running 
streams. 

In 18.49 the matter of lighting the town came under careful consideration. 
The result was the organization of a gas company at Chicopee Centre, in which 
the tnur large manufacturing companies united. ^I'his included the Ames, Cabot, 
I'erkins and Dwight. (ias works were erected in 1850, with a capacity sufficient 
to supply the mills and meet the ordinary wants of the village, and included a 
retort house for 15 retorts, a purifying house, and a gas-holder 60 feet in diameter 
and 20 feet in height. The " main " was laid 4,000 feet, and gas was introduced 
into the mills early in May of the following year. Since that time the company 
has interested itself in the progress of electric lighting, and is now well equipped 
in this regard. David lioynton held the office of superintendent for nearly twenty 
years, proving himself a most conscientious and efficient man. Last year, 1894, 
Mr. Boynton resigned, and is now living in his own home in Florida. C. H. Nutting, the present superintendent, is 
carrying out the plans of the company. New buildings are being put u]) and every arrangement made for the perfec- 
tion of the city lighting. 

In 1845 Charles \V. McClallan and R. E. Bemis constructed the first works for supplying water through pipes 
to the village of Chicopee, then Cabotx'ille. For this purpose water was taken from springs and wells at the higher 




DAVID BOYNTON. 




THE OLD AMES RESIDENCE, FRONT STREET. 
113 



elevation just south of the village. The works answered a temporary purpose, and in 1847, after the death of Mr. 
Bemis, became by purchase wholly the property of Mr. McClallan. In 1876 arrangements were made for a more 
satisfactory suiiply from spring-fed brooks beyond the east of Chicopee, in Springfield, and there a dam was erected. 
The following year a company was incorporated, with a capital limited to §75,000. Mr. McClallan's interests were 
purchased by this company, and he remained a stockholder. The incorporators were Charles McClallan, Emerson 
Gaylord, George .\. Denison, C. H. Hyde, Krastus Stebbins and William C. McClallan. It was organized as the 
"Chicopee Water Conijiany," .\pril 18, 1877, with $50,000 capital. Since that time the mains have been extended, 
making the general service very satisfactory. "Cooley's brook" forms the main supply. "Bemis brook" supplies 
the vicinity known locally as the "Junction." 

Maple Grove Cemetery, or " Cabotville Burial CJround," as it used to be known, was a small tract of land 
lying between Elm street and the brow of the hill, containing about one and one-half acres, and was deeded by the 
Springfield Canal Company in 1839 to James K. Fletcher, Benning Leavitt and Austin Chapin 2d, in trust, for the 
sum of ?45o. .\n additional half acre was deeded to them and their successors for S225. The lot ran between the 
land of .\athan Parks and Joseph Chapin, and a narrow strip back of the old high school was later included. The 
upper part was purchased later from .\ma/.iah Bullens. The oldest deeds were signed by Jas. K. Mills and approved 
by P'.dmund Dwight. 

In 1878 an act was passed to incorporate the "Proprietors of Maple Grove Cemetery" as follows: Silas 
Mosman, John B. Wood, R. E. Robertson, L. H. Brigham, James T. Ames, Geo. M. Stearns, Emerson Gaylord, 
Amaziah Bullens, J. B. Fuller, and I.. A. Jacobs, and the trustees, Silas Mosman, John B.Wood and R. E. Robertson, 
conveyed to said corporation all the real estate and rights of property which they held as successors to Messrs. 
Fletcher, Leavitt and Chapin. 

Section three of this act states that the corporation may receive and hold any gifts, grants, donations or be(|uests 
for the benefit of the cemeterv, and the years since ha\e brought so many changes by deaths and removal that at 
present such benefactions are sadlv needed to preserve this lovely spot. 

The oldest cemetery is in Chicopee street, south of the old church, and here are some unique devices on the 
memorial tablets. The Springfield Canal Company gave twenty acres to the Catholics, which is located in the southern 
part of the city. This was opened in 1836. The new cemetery, Fairview, is situated in the southern part of the city, 
near the Springfield line. It was purchased in four parcels from R. E. Bemis, estate of Ruel \'an Horn, (ieorge W. 

114 









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MAPLE GROVE CEMETERY. 

11=; 



Paine and Michael Conway. The first interment was in the spring of 1S70, being the burial of !\[rs. Lydia A. Hyde, 
wife of Chauncey A. Hyde. 

At Chicopee Kails there is a burial ground extending from East street to Springfield road. It is less than three 
acres. It originated in a lease of one acre made by Benjamin Belcher to the Chicopee Manufacturing Company for 
999 years, to be used by School District 16 for burial purposes. The contract required that a fence be built and 
maintained. .\n addition made later carried the ground out to East street. 

The First National Bank of Chicopee began its life as the " Cabot Bank," which was chartered Jan. 24, 1845, 
with a capital of §150,000. John Chase was the first president, and F. B. Doten is now the cashier. 

The Chicopee Savings Bank was organized in 1854. Jerome ^Vells was the first president, and was succeeded 
by Ceorge D. Robinson. 

The Chicopee Falls Savings liank was chartered March 20, 1S75, with forty-one incorporators. H. J. Boyd is 
the treasurer. 

The first bridge across the Chicopee river at Chicopee was built in 1778, and crossed near the present one. 
The e.xpense of this in part was defrayed by a lottery sanctioned by law. The old toll bridge at Chicopee Junction 
was erected in 1848-49 by the Chicopee and West Springfield Bridge Co., but long ago was made a free bridge. 
The length between the abutments is 1,237 feet. The piers of sandstone are six in number. The present handsome 
bridge at Chicopee Falls was built in 1895. It is of iron, strongly built, on the site of the old covered bridge. 

The veterans of the rebellion, and Chicopee sent out a goodly company of soldiers, have formed themselves 
into the Otis Chapman Post No. 103, \V. P. Warner, Commander. 

The railroad connections consist of the Boston & Maine line, which enters the city at the Junction, with a 
branch road up to the Falls, which follows the course of the picturescpie Chicopee river. The then C. R. R. R. 
opened the main line in 1845 ^^'-^ '^^ branch roail in 1846. The former passes just west of Chicopee Centre, cross- 
ing the Chicopee river near the mouth, and crossing the Connecticut river at Willimansett. 

The Public Library is an outgrowth of the old Cabot Institute, a literary society formed and organized in 1846. 
During the first seven years of its existence it acc|uired 900 volumes. The first books, 651 in number, were purchased 
in 1847, with funds subscribed by corporations and individuals. .\t a meeting held in Cabot Hall, April 4, 1853, it 
was voted to accept the proposition made by the society to donate to the citizens of the town these books, provided 
the latter would appropriate Si 00 each year for ten years. The supervision of the library was vested in a committee 

116 




AGENT CUMNOCK'S RESIDENCE AND OTHER VIEWS IN CHICOPEE CENTRE. 

117 



annuall}' chosen by the selectmen. On the completion of the Town Hall in 1871 the books were transferred to the 
room in that building set apart for library purposes, and the brick house near the City Hall is now used, pending the 
building of a new library proper, (ieorge V. Wheelock is librarian. 

The Father Mathew 'I'otal Abstinence and Mutual Benevolent Society has an honorable history, the organiza- 
tion dating from Sept. 29, 1869. The meetings are now held every Sunday 
afternoon in Father Mathew Hall, the use of which is given by the Chicopee 
Manufacturing Company. In connection therewith are flourishing dramatic and 
literary societies and a lyceum. The one hundred members are earnest and 
devoted. The charter members were : Daniel Dunn, Edward O'Keefe, William 
O'Neil, Jerry Mahanna, Thomas Carmody, Patrick M. Shea. Of these, Ilaniel 
Dunn is the only one still retaining his connection with the society. The others 
have fallen out through removal and change of location. Mr. Dunn is putting 
the same heartiness into this which characterizes his attention to other interests, 
having proved himself one of Chicopee's most devoted citizens. E.x-Alderman 
Henry F. Moriarty was the first agitator and enthusiastic promoter of the Father 
Mathew idea in Chicopee. 

The Chicopefe Falls Young Men's Christian Association was organized as 
a branch of the Chicopee Centre Association in October, 1S90, and continued as 
such until June 8, 1892, when by vote of the lioard of Directors it became an 
independent organization. Rooms were opened March 21, 1891. Mr. M. I,. 
Dinsmore was its first general secretary, but remained only until June 15, 1891. 
September i, 1891, E. .A. King accepted the call as general secretary and remaineil 
until June i, 1892. The association was without a general secretary until the 
foUowmg November, when J. S. Raymond, of Yarmouth, N. S, came to fill the 
position, but he remained only three and a half months. .-Xpril i, 1893, the pres- 
ent general secretary, W. C. Rollins, accepted the call of the Board of Directors, 
not attempted were taken up, and, while it has been hindered by not having a well appointed building of its own, it 
has been enabled to do much good work. The membership has steadily increased until at present it has a hundred 

118 




SECRETARY ROLLINS, r M C. A 

Lines of work which before it had 




MEMBERS OF THE BOYS' CLUB. 



119 



BOYS' CLUB IN CAMP. 




and thirty-one seniors and twenty-three juniors. I'he Ladies' Auxiliary has done very elificient work in assisting the 
association. The present membership of the Auxiliary is fifty. 'I'he following are the officers and directors of the 
association ; Geo. .S. Taylor, president : R. R. I'leeder, vice-president ; M. L. Dinsmore, recording secretary; l'"rank 
O. Cook, treasurer ; C. J. Seaver, auditor ; Dr. L. i\I. f]erry, f.. N. f.yon, Arthur H. Fay, I). S. Warner, D. P. liallard ; 
W. C. Rollins, general secretary. 

The Parish House of Clrace Church was ojiened in the early part of 1S93. The purpose of such a house is to 
provide a jilace where the \arious acti\ities of the parish may be properly carried on, and especially to provide a 
place where the men and boys could pass the day and evening free from the often harmful influences of the streets. 
This last phase of the work has been very successful, and more than one hundred men and boys are members of the 
clubs connected with the house. Pool tables are provided for the older boys and men, and the latter are allowed the 
further i)rivilege of a smoking-room in connection with their club. Various other games and abundant reading 
material is furnished for all members, young and old, also baths and a well equipped gymnasium, which is constantly 
being used, especially by the boys. Outside sports in their season, .such as canoeing, swimming, skating, toboganning, 
football, baseball, etc., receive their full share of attention from the boys. An athletic field has been in use for two 
years, and a fleet of four canoes (which is expected to be enlarged next summer) has given pleasure to those who 
could be trusted on the water. Last summer a camp was inaugurated for boys over twelve years of age, and nine 
boys, under the care of the rector, paddled in the canoes from Chicopee to Shepherd's Island, opposite Northampton, 
a distance of fifteen miles, and spent two weeks under canvas, enjoying the pleasures of swimming, fishing, bull-frogging, 
'ogging and canoeing, free from the restraints of city life. At the end of the stay the party returned as they had gone. 
Other boys went to camp for short stays, the largest number ])resent at one time being fifteen. The boys were mostly 
good swimmers and had become quite expert in the handling of the paddle, so that they could be well trusted, and 
all returned without an accident of any kind. The Parish House is opened every day and night, with the exception 
of during the time of services on Sunday. 

In December, 1895, the Republicans were successful in electing their candidate, Mr. Orant, for the mayoralty 
of Chicopee. The tax rate of the city is not hea\y, being ;^i3.So, the population is 16,500, and altogether Chicopee 
looks forward to a period of unexampled prosperity. 



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WORKS OF THE OVERMAN WHEEL CO. 



MANUFACTURES AND ARTS. 



OVERMAN WHEEL COMPANY. 



The Overman manufactory is one of the most imposing in Cliicopee, and fully illustrates the energy and push whicli 
have characterized its development. Albert H. Overman, president of the companv, has brought to bear on its interests 
a clear intelligence, and has studied the making of bicycles so thoroughly that the manufacture, under his careful man- 
agement, is fast becoming a science. Very properly their wheel is named the •' Victor.-' the wheel itself proving that 
there is .something in a name. For fourteen years the Overman Wlieel Company has been manufacturing bicycles, 
starting in a small way. in a little shop, wliich has been growing and extending, until to-dav their works are said to be 
the largest and mo.st complete in the world. They have not been content with making wheels; for fourteen years they 
have been striving to make the best, and to produce from day to day one better in every respect than those previously 
made. For this purpose the establishment has invented and devised nearly all of the machinery used by them. The great 
aim of the bicycle manufacturer has of late been to secure light draft machines. Light draft and light wei^'-ht are not 
quite synonymous terms when applied to bicycles. Different men should have different machines, and 32.5 pounds avoir- 
dupois should not attempt to ride the wlieel of the man weighing U.J pounds. The means should be a con.lition to the 
end. In speaking of the 1896 model the other day, Mr. Overman said : '■ We build the Victor this year with three different 
heights of frames, and in that variety a man is sure to find one suited to his requirements. So our 1896 models are practi- 
cally all special, and, in reality, a man selecting a Victor has his wheel made to order. We claim that it costs more to 
build a Victor bicycle than any other bicycle on earth, nnd this has never been disputed by any one who could be consid- 
ered an authority in the matter. 

"Instead of hiring men to ride our bicycles, we put that money into the construction of the wheels themselves and 
make them good enough for the people to pay our price to ride them. Once convinced that the manufacturers of the 
Victor bicycle put into the material and construction of the wheel money which other manufacturers spend in cheap 
advertising by hiring racing men to ride their wheels, the discriminating purchaser wishing a first-class wheel will buy 
the Victor, just as the discriminating buyer of a carriage asks for a Brewster. Other vehicles have four wheels a top 
and look very much like a Brewster, but compare them a year after each has been subjected to the same usage and you 
will have no difficulty in picking out the superior carriage. The faith which people have in an article with a reputation 
tor being first-class is shown by the comparatively high prices brought by second-hand articles of standard make. 

'■ Our factory is the only bicycle plant in tlie world where a complete bicycle is made from handle bars to tire. The 
man does not live who can come to us and say that he made apiece of the Victor bicycle. We do not incorporate into 
■ Ijicycles tires or saddles or otiier j.arts made by other manufacturers and say to a man who buys a Victor, ' We believe 

123 



our 




A. H. OVERMAN. 



tliese K'ootls to be first-class," but we manufacture everything 
cm our own premises, and can guarantee a Victor thrinigliout , 
because we know what is in it. 

'• We liave recently invented an instrument, which we call 
the ' dynamometei',' which enables us to determine with mathe- 
matical accuracy tlie ])ower required to drive a bicycle. In this 
way the question as to whether a seven-tooth sjirocket wheel 
requires less power to drive the machine than an eight-tooth 
sprocket wheel ceases to be a question of logic and becomes one 
of pure niatlieniatics, and on all these mooted points we have 
records carefully figured out and are able to say, • We know.' 

•• We keej) men in our emjiloy who ever}' day, e.\cei)t Sun- 
day, do nothing but ride our wheels, for testing different devices 
and new parts. For instance, if the wheel of our experimenters 
runs out of oil, the man reports here in minutest detail how 
m;iny feet from the factor}' the cycle gave out, how long since 
it liad been oiled, etc. So we are pushing fui'ther and further 
into the unexplored regions, and gradually Ijringing the debated 
([uestions of cycle construction to a scientific solution." So the 
development of this interest goes on until the newest model will 
enable its rider to speed along with the wings of the wind. 

THE JIOSMAX FOUNDRY. 

One of the particularlj' interesting places in Chicopee is the 
Mosman foundry. Here Mr. Melzar H. Mosman, a genius in his 
own right and the inheritor of artistic understanding and ability, 
creates and sends out modelings of historic and classical subjects 
with such success that, though a young man, he has gained a 
reputation seldom achieved by a man on the sunny side of fifty 
years. The work done by Mr. Mosman has been largely in pro- 
. ducing figures of heroic size. One of the later has been the 
reproduction in bronze of the plaster model by E. S. Woods, of 
Hartford, showing the Re\ iiIution:iiy hern. Colonel Thomas 



124 






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Knowltuii. Tliough busy, Mr. Mosinau courteously put aside liis work for a time ami talkeil with the visiting leimrter. 
•• For the past few years," said Mr. Mosman, " I have made a specialty of bronze reproduction in preference to my .sculp- 
ture work. You know there are a great many sculptors in this countrj' to-day, but very few good founders. I have been 
able to select the best work because I am well known among the sculptors and I have been fortunate in pleasing them. 
Here is my last piece of work, which only reached the shop ten days ago from the studio of W. O. Patridge, the sculptor, 
who modeled it in Milton. This statue is to be erected by the Union League Club, of Bi-ookh n, and, as you see, it is an 
equestrian figure of Genei-al Grant. It is to be dedicated on Grant's birthday, April 27, 189(3, and we shall need all the 
intervening time to get the bronze work fini.shed. The statue is to be twice life size, the height of the whole figure being 
16 feet and the length of the horse's body 10 feet 4 inches.'" 

Mr. Mosman's studio will show some of the work of the past twenty-live years. Here are the designs showing him a 
sculptor of high ability. Everyone in the vicinity, and wider than that, has heard of Silas Mosman, the sculptor, who 
made the Ames Company famous throughout the world, and his son is a worthy representative of the present generation. 
He was born and educated in Chicopee, and as there were not a dozen persons in New England at that time working in 
sculpture and no teachers, all his instruction was received from his father. Mr. Mosman went abroad in 1807 to study, 
and again in 1874. when he remained in Rome for a year for the purpose of modeling tlie statues for the .soldiers' and 
sailors' monument in Seaside Park, Bridgeport, Connecticut. This was wrought in 1870, while Mr. Mosman was with the 
Ames Company, and cost 830,000. There are three bronze figures modeled by Mr, Mosman and cast at the Ames Works, 
while in the arch of the statue is a figure of the Goddess of Liberty, which was modeled and cut in marljle in Piome by 
Mr. Mosman and exhibited at the Philadelphia Centennial ?2xposition. 

Among monuments made by Mr. Mosman are the soldiers' monuments at Bridgeporl, Conn., Middletown and 
Skaneateles, N. Y. He made the handsome firemen's monument at New Haven, Conn., the Tenth Massachusetts Regi- 
ment monument at Gettysburg, Pa., and soldiers' monuments at Westfield. Gloucester, Kingston, Danielsonville, Conn., 
Delaware, O., and the one on Court Square, in Springfield. 

At the right of the door on an easel is a mold of the bronze has relief of Rev. Burton W. Lockhart. which has been 
placed in the church at Chicopee where he was settled from 1888 to 1893. Opposite the minister on another easel is a cast 
of J. B. Lippincotfs head, the bronze of which lielongs to his daughter, Mrs. Goodwin of Hartford ; near by is a bust of 
Graham, the inventor of shorthand. Above a cabinet of odds and ends stands a statuette of the Minute JIan, done by 
Daniel French ; it is similar to his famous Concord Minute Man, but is much better done, Mr. Mosman said. This 
statuette was cast in bronze at Chicopee and presented by the town of Concord to the United States gunboat Concord in 
1893. Another statuette is of Garfield, done by Rebisso, the famous Italian sculptor, who is now teaching in the Art 
School and Museum of Cincinnati. 

Mr. Mosman regards the celebrated Grant monument which is now i>n the Lake Shore drive in Chicago as one of his 
best pieces of work ; this was also molded by Rebisso and cast at Chicopee. No small jjart of Mr. Mosman's business is 

126 



Harrison ..-om.nittee disa-^reed and M.- A osln , ^ ' "°""'^^"t to the World's Fair at Chicago, but the 

contract. The artistic Xeo iiSrH27JT.T^V° ''' '' "^ '" Cincinnati according to the original 

.studio as Its birthplace :::!:'^ ue^^^:nL:'i^^::^t''' °"'' ^^^*'- " ""-^ '■^'^■■^^^"*^^' -=^-^- '•'^'- *'- ^^-™- 

THE BELCHER & TAYLOR AGRICULTURAL TOOL COMPANY 

3, 1863. At that time Mr. Belcher h^d n his emnW ..f ^ t^ T"^' '"'° *'^' ''"'"''''' "''"^'^ ^'•'^•'^ ''''■^^^ March 

Company in Concord N H wh ch n fdl H t /.S'^" '«'"'', ''"" ^'"' '^^'"P^"^ ^" 1^68 bought out the Robinson 

Conical Plow ToCm at New H u^ I sS ^T' w' t'"^ ' I'" "" ''^""^'"- ^'°" ^"'"P^^y ^^ Greenfield, then the 
the inventer, E. W B ullard It b ■ u"ht o f H f 4;' """"' ''^''''^^" ^"^^"'^^'^- '"' °^°'** "^ "le United States, of 

their patents. In 1886 thev bouo-ht of Mr T aH^w n ■ i ! ^"-"""aui, as «ell as Mi. Aye, to manufacture rakes under 
proved and is now niadelder tt nan e o 'thp V , p'f ° "^^""f^^^t^''*^ ^he Ladow Disc Harrow, which was im- 

soid large numbers f::^^!^^::'^^':::^:;^^^:^ ''- f'^^^^^ -'' '-' 

ness of B. & J. W Belcher and snnn nff.- fi i ■ . r , ot JNevv \oik. In l.s.sg this company bought out the busi- 

of the Baldwin Cutter whic had mevious^^^^^^ ^^ i^' '^'""'"-^' -^^' '" IS"* ^^ bo^g'-t out the business 

factures, or has patterns ft h n a ifacrr J 0"^^ r^"' ""' ""T'' '^ ''"•■'""* * ^"^ ^'"^ ^'^^P^^ — 
styles Of feed cutters, and probably .::=deld-i:-rf c^linrl^fSh:^ ^^ac^ ■ fthK: ^S: 0:^ 




THE BELCHER & TAYLOR AGRICULTURAL TOOL CO.'S WORKS 

128 



perhaiis, in tlie u-orM. Tliey manufacture all kimls of tools save mowers and reapers, and the reputation of the tools 
manufactured by the Belcher & Taylor Agricultural Tool Company stands high, not only in tlie United States, but tlirough- 
out the civilized world where good tools are sold ami used. 

TAYLOR, BRAMLEV & CO. 

One of till' most interesting places among the manufactories of Chicopee Falls is the establishment of Taylor, 
Bramley & Co., just off Grove street. Here the finest underwear is turned out, and new ideas and designs in this line are 
constantly being evolved. The partners are enterprising, and they intend to lead, and carry out their intentions. The 
business to-day is an illustration of the survival of the fittest, for it has been built up by the exercise of courage and push. 
The proprietors are young men. but their own energies have l)rought their manufacturing up to its pre.sent high standard. 

The firm at first was Taylor & Bramley, and was organized in 1888. Men's underwear was then made by the per- 
sonal labor of Albert E. Taylor and Walter Bramley. They started in a small way, and were located in a room in the 
Lamb Manufacturing Co.'s building on Main street. Mr. Taylor did the travelling, and it was not uncommon for him to 
secure special orders and come back, when Messrs. Bramley & Taylor would make the garments ordered, for they were 
accomplished in several directions. Only a few suits were manufactured each week. The business increased so that 
larger (juarters were taken in 1889, and here they remained until 1891, when H. Lee Mallory, of New York, was taken into 
partnership, and the three story brick building now in use was built. In 1892 the New York office was opened, and the 
manufacture of ladies" and misses" underwear, also bloomers and gaiters, was taken up, making the finest grades of worsted 
and silk goods. This shows a gratifying increase each day, and the newest novelty turned out is the recherche lady's 
sweater, a garment ornamental enough to be worn by any stylish woman on the promenade, and warm enough to keep 
the circulation up to the right point. The distributing office is at 80 Franklin street. New York. 

Albert E. Taylor, son of ex-Mayor Taj'lor, promises to carry out the good intentions and public-spirited policy of 
his father. He is a pronounced Republican, representing Ward Four as councilman in the city government of 1895. 
He is master of Belcher Lodge A. F. & A. M., an officer in Unity Chapter, member of the Springfield Council and Spring- 
field Commandery, also member of Pyramid Temple, Mystic Shrine, Bridgeport, Ct., and is active .socially. He has a 
pleasant home iri "Sunny Side," built in 1895. 

Walter Bramley, one of the leading busine.ss men of Chicopee Falls, is a native of Loughborough, England. He 
received his education in England, came to America with his father and mother, and worked in Newton Lower Falls. 
He returned to England in 1870 and entered a factory, remaining until 18T8. He went back to Newton Lower Falls and 
was employed two years, then went toSpringlield, where he took charge of the knitting department of W. fi. Medlicott Co. 
Eight years after he removed to Chicopee Falls and there became associated with Mr. Taylor in their enterprise. He is a 
Republican, a member of Belcher Lodge A. F. & A. M., and of Unity Chapter, R. A. M. He also has a pleasant home at 
"Sunny Side." H. Lee Mallory resides in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

129 



LAMB MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 

Among Chicopee's iiuportiint industries is the Lamb Manufacturing Company at Chicopee Falls. About 800 hands 
are emi>loyed, and over 45,000 knitting macliines have been made and sold, in addition to the other business, in tlie last 
twenty-five years. The company are also the manufacturers of the Tuttle knitting machines, which are specially adapted 
for ribbed and plain work, and under the name of the Massachusetts Arms Co. they manufacture the celebrated Maynard 
patent breech-loading rifles and sliotguns, which are unexcelled in all the qualities demanded in fire-arms. 

The works, which are in the engraving on next page, cover an area of two acres, and are finely e(iuipped for the 
work required of them. Tlie company was incorporated in 18()7, with a capital of .'^300,000, and the present officers are: 
A. G. Spalding, president; Emerson Gaylord, vice-president; T. C. Page, treasurer. 

The widely known and superb Lamb knitting machine, which has revolutionized the art of knitting, is constructed 
upon the novel and simple principle of employing two straight jiarallel rows of needles sufficiently near to each other to 
connect the two rows of knitting at either end, but far enough apart to allow the fabric to pass down between them as it 
is knitted. The needle is automatic or self-knitting, its principle being such that, when fed with yarn and moved forward 
or backward, it forms the stitch by its own action. It is the only plan yet devised by which any size of work, both tubular 
and flat, and either single, double or ribbed, can be produced, and narrowed and widened. It is the only machine that 
knits a regular, right-angled heel, such as is knit by hand, that narrows off the toe, that knits a sock or stocking complete, 
that knits mittens and gloves of any size without a seam, that forms genuine ribbed or seamed work, that knits the 
double, flat or fancy webs, that knits an elastic seamed stitch sus]iender with buttonholes, that knits the afghan stitch, 
cardigan jacket stitch, fancj' ribbed stitch, the raised jilaid stitcli, the nubia stitch, shell stitch, unique stitch, tidy stitch, 
etc. Though it combines greater cai)acity and speed than any other knitting machine, yet it is the simplest, most reliable 
and easiest to learn. It knits Iiosiery, gloves and mittens of all sizes, shaping and completing them in a sui)erior manner. 
It makes the following garments: Shawls, breakfast capes, hoods and muffs, nubias, sacks, undersleeves, scarfs, girls' and 
boys' suits, undershirts, cardigan jackets, drawers, cradle blankets, carriage afghans, sashes, wristlets, leggins, .smoking 
and skating caps, snovvshoes, suspenders, pur.ses, jjetticoats, infants' shirts, counterpanes, tidies, watch and curtain cords, 
mats, etc. It also produces tlie most elegant trimmings for all its own articles, such as jilain ruffie, doul)le rufHe, collai's, 
Ijorders, fringes, etc. In brief, it is the only standard machine for manufacturing, and the only family knitter which has 
practically demonstrated its utility. The notable lack of complication, which destroys the efficiency of any mechanism, 
makes the Lamb knitter not only the best machine of its kind, but the easiest to operate. Wlien we take into consider- 
ation the amount of inferior knit goods with which tlie market is Hooded, and the work involved in hand knitting, the 
popularity of the Lamb knitter is easily accounted for, as by its adoption the production of knit garments of twenty 
different kinds is facilitated and perfected to such a degree that a valuable saving of time, labor and money is inevitably 
effected ; this statement a|)plies pquallj^ well to either families or manufacturers. 




THE LAMB MANUFACTURING GO'S WORKS. 



'3' 



The trade in knit goods is rapidly increasing. Hand Icnitting is liecoming more obsolete each 3'ear. aM<l gooil. well- 
made knit goods, that will take the jilace of those made by hand, .are not produced in sufficient quantities to supply the 
demand ; as a consequence we ttnd many woolen manufacturers who are now utilizing knitting macliines to convert the 
scraps and ends of yarn that accumulate in their factories into hosiery and mittens. Wherever tlie Lamb knitting 
machine hosiery has been introduced it has superseded or taken the preference over every other hosiery in the market, 
because it is precisely the same as hand knitting. 

In 1893 A. (x. Spalding & Bros., of Chicago, New York and Philadelpliia. became interested in this company, and in 
addition to the old line of goods the company has, since the connection with the Spaldings, added bicycles, gymnasium 
goods, skates, golf, and, in fact, all the iron and many of the wood goods required for their immense business, and the 
company, during the year ISO."), will turn cmt from 18,000 to 20,000 high grade bicycles, and an immense quantity of all the 
other goods enumerated. 

THE J. STEVENS ARMS AND TOOL COMPANY. 

The J. Stevens Arms and Tool Co.. one of the features of Chicopee Falls, and tlie reputation of whose manufactures 
is world-wide, is located where the busy Chicopee river makes a detour from its erratic cour.se and gathers force for the 
ne.xt jump over the dam below. On this site Hiram Munger and a Mr. Cady owned and operated both saw and grist 
mills. J. Stevens, Asher Bai'tlett and William B. Fay bought this property in 18IU. and for a time operated the grist mill 
and sometimes rented it. Finally the old machinery was thrown out and the present buildings erected. 

Joshua Stevens, the founder of tliis business, is an ingenious, practical mechanic, and in 18.58-.j9 was in the employ 
of Samuel Colt, of Hartford. What is known as the We.sson revolver is his invention, and he came to the " Falls" in 184'.) 
to engage in the e.xtensive manufacture of that article. For this purpose the ■' Massachusetts Arms Co." was formed, with 
a capital of .STO.OOO.- This company purchased of the Ames Manufacturing Co. the property afterward occupied liy the 
Lamb Manufacturing Co., and there conducted the manufacture of pistols for a few years: then Mr. Stevens, having 
invented a small, single-shot pocket pistol, commenced its manufacture at its present location. The mechanical part under 
such able management, and the office and other detail work under Mr. Ta3'lor's careful administration, soon cau.sed the busi- 
ness to expand, and Mr. Stevens continued inventing useful and important additions to modern arms, also the tools for their 
manufacture. The patents cover double-barrel breech-loading shotguns, single .shotguns, sporting rifles. " Hunter's Pet' 
rifles, pocket shotguns and pocket pistols; also small inai/liiiiist tools, spring caliper's and dividers, and doulile-lip counter- 
sinks. 

The history of firearms is full of interest to those who, putting aside sentimentality, note the influence of invention 
upon the progress of the human race. The victories gained for civilization over barbarism during the past five centuries 
would have been impossible without gunpowder, for the vanguard of enlightenment has ever been few in numbers, and 
only by force of superior arms and discipline has it been enabled to gain a footliold among savages and plant upon the .soil 

132 



of new continents the banners of progress, culture, intellectual and moral freedom, and even of religion. But the clumsy 
flint-lock blunderbuss, musket and rifle of even so recent a date as the beginning of the present century are already anti- 
quated, and specimens are sought and treasured as curiosities. The era of vital improvement in firearms may be said to 
have begun about fifty years ago, and has steadily advanced until the latest styles of rifles and shot-guns of our time may 
be safely pronounced practically perfect as regards range, precision, jienetration, ease and rapidity of manipulation, 
strength, durability, lightness, and beauty of workmansliip. while |>rices ai'e remarkably low, excellence considered, as is 
exemplified in the Stevens arms. 

The Stevens target and sporting rifles, pistols, and shot-guns are too well and favorably known to require detailed 
description. They have been before the public for a long term of years and have never failed to render satisfaction. Im- 
provements have been made in the method and style of construction from time to time, until these arms may be fairly 
pronounced the marksman's and sportsman's we phts (tttra, used everywhere in this and foreign countries, and tlie most 
perfect weapons for practice and sporting purposes ever devised. 

In January, 189(1, Mr. I. H. Page bought the stock held by Messrs. Stevens and Taylor, the latter gentlemen retir- 
ing, and Mr. Page assumed entire control, acting as president and treasurer. Associated with him is Charles P. Fay, son 
of William B. Fay, one of the founders of the business and inventer of the Fay Caliper and Divider, who acts in the im. 
pnrtant capacity of master mechanic. Mr. Page has been connected with the business for seventeen years, eight of which 
as secretary, and his recognized busine.ss ability insures the continued success and prosperity of tlie firm which has so 
long and honoi'able a record. [See frontispiece for illustration of buildings.] 

THE SPAULDING & PEPPER COMPANY. 

The youngest manufacturing <-ompany in Chicopee is the Spaulding & Pepper Co., manufacturers of general rubl)er 
goods, with a specialty of pneumatic tires for bicj-cles, and other rubber |)arts used in the cycling trade. This company 
was formed early in the spring of 1895, and in June commenced the erection of their factory, which is located at the foot 
of Oak street, in Chicojjee Falls The plant consists of a brick building three stories in height, 100x50 feet in dimensions, 
together with a one-story building, 100 x 40 feet. The mechanical equii)ment consists of a 200-horse power Slater engine, 
two Hennessy boilers of 150-horse power each. They also have a washer, three mixing mills. 40 x 16 fe»t, one mixer, fiO x 20 
feet, one three-roll calender, four hydraulic pre-sses, one vulcanizer, and their own machine shop. The rubber machinery 
was furnished by the Farrel Foundry & Machine Co. The mill is thus thoroughly equipped with all appliances for making 
at least 1,300 tires every working day. The work in the mill was started about the middle of September, and has been in 
active operation on orders since. 

The president of the company, Mr. Thos. H. Spaulding, of New York, is well and favorably known in the trade, 
being connected, as he is, with the large steel house of Spaulding, Jennings & Co., of Jersey City, and also proprietor of 
the Spaulding Machine Screw Co., of Buffalo. He is an able, energetic man, of large business experience. The treasurer 




THE SPAULDING & PEPPER CO.'S WORKS. 



of the companj-, wlio is also manager, Mr. C. L. Pepper, is a Chicopt-e boy, having been born on Grajie street, in Chicopee 
Centre. He commenced his business career as office boy in the Ames Mfg. Co., and served in that capacity for some 
years ; was afterwards paymaster, and then acting agent of that company. He was employed by them for something 
like eighteen years, and left them to accept the position as superintendent of the Overman Wheel Co. when they started 
their factory at Chicopee Falls. When he assumed his position with the Overman Wheel Co. they employed four men. 
He served them in the capacity of general superintendent for eight years, and when he left them the company employed 
something over twelve hundred i>eoiile. Tlie superintendent is Mr. H. A. Middleton. wlio is well and favorabh' known in 
the trade. 

The factory is running on a line of single tube tires of s-ix or eight different styles. They are making a specialty of 
the puncture jiroof tire, the combined invention of Messrs. Pepper and Middleton, which they consider will prove to be 
very taking with the trade. They have also arranged with the L. C. Smith Tire Co., of Syracuse, for the control of the 
production and selling of the celebrated L. C. Smith detachable tire, and have taken a license from the Gormully & 
Jeffery Co. to make the G. & J. detachable tire. 



135 



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